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'''Fort Mercer''' was one of two forts constructed in 1777, on the Delaware River during the [[American Revolutionary War]], by the [[Continental Army]]. Built under the command of [[George Washington]], its purpose was to block the approach to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: [[Fort Mifflin]], on the Pennsylvania side, and Fort Mercer, on the New Jersey side. Fort Mercer was located in what is now the borough of [[National Park, New Jersey|National Park]], Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. A park, monument, and museum exist today on the site of the fort. The fort was named in honor of [[Brigadier General]] [[Hugh Mercer]] who had died earlier that year at the [[Battle of Princeton]].
 
'''Fort Mercer''' was one of two forts constructed in 1777, on the Delaware River during the [[American Revolutionary War]], by the [[Continental Army]]. Built under the command of [[George Washington]], its purpose was to block the approach to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: [[Fort Mifflin]], on the Pennsylvania side, and Fort Mercer, on the New Jersey side. Fort Mercer was located in what is now the borough of [[National Park, New Jersey|National Park]], Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. A park, monument, and museum exist today on the site of the fort. The fort was named in honor of [[Brigadier General]] [[Hugh Mercer]] who had died earlier that year at the [[Battle of Princeton]].
   
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On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the [[Battle of Red Bank]], an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under British [[Major General]] [[William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe|William Howe]], who then occupied Philadelphia, was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side, including the death of their commander, [[Colonel]] [[Carl von Donop|Carl Emil Kurt von Donop]], by the 600 [[Continental Army|Continental]] defenders under [[Colonel]] [[Christopher Greene]]. After the later loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when [[Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Lord Charles Cornwallis]] landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18, 1777.<ref>[http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/colonials-patriots/sitee10.htm Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings], National Park Service. Accessed September 24, 2007.</ref>
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On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the [[Battle of Red Bank]], an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under [[Great Britain|British]] [[Major General]] [[William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe|William Howe]], who then occupied Philadelphia, was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side, including the death of their commander, [[Colonel]] [[Carl von Donop|Carl Emil Kurt von Donop]], by the 600 [[Continental Army|Continental]] defenders under [[Colonel]] [[Christopher Greene]]. After the later loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when [[Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Lord Charles Cornwallis]] landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18, 1777.<ref>[http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/colonials-patriots/sitee10.htm Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings], National Park Service. Accessed September 24, 2007.</ref>
   
 
[[File:Fort Mercer Monument.jpg|thumb|left|Monument in Fort Mercer, 2008]]
 
[[File:Fort Mercer Monument.jpg|thumb|left|Monument in Fort Mercer, 2008]]

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