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:''Fort Mercer is also the name of an unrelated location in the video game [[Red Dead Redemption]].''
 
:''Fort Mercer is also the name of an unrelated location in the video game [[Red Dead Redemption]].''
[[Image:HessianMapMudIsland.jpg|right|thumb|240px|Hessian map showing campaigns against [[Fort Mifflin]] and Fort Mercer (Redbank) in 1777.]]
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[[File:HessianMapMudIsland.jpg|right|thumb|240px|Hessian map showing campaigns against [[Fort Mifflin]] and Fort Mercer (Redbank) in 1777.]]
'''Fort Mercer''' was one of two forts constructed in 1777, on the Delaware River during the [[American Revolutionary War]], by the [[Continental Army]]. Built under the command of [[George Washington]], its purpose was to block the approach to [[Philadelphia]], [[Pennsylvania]]: [[Fort Mifflin]], on the Pennsylvania side, and Fort Mercer, on the [[New Jersey]] side. Fort Mercer was located in what is now the borough of [[National Park, New Jersey|National Park]], Gloucester County, [[New Jersey]], United States. A park, monument, and museum exist today on the site of the fort. The fort was named in honor of [[Brigadier General]] [[Hugh Mercer]] who had died earlier that year at the [[Battle of Princeton]].
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'''Fort Mercer''' was one of two forts constructed in 1777, on the Delaware River during the [[American Revolutionary War]], by the [[Continental Army]]. Built under the command of [[George Washington]], its purpose was to block the approach to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: [[Fort Mifflin]], on the Pennsylvania side, and Fort Mercer, on the New Jersey side. Fort Mercer was located in what is now the borough of [[National Park, New Jersey|National Park]], Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. A park, monument, and museum exist today on the site of the fort. The fort was named in honor of [[Brigadier General]] [[Hugh Mercer]] who had died earlier that year at the [[Battle of Princeton]].
   
On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the [[Battle of Red Bank]], an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under [[Great Britain|British]] [[Major General]] [[William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe|William Howe]], who then occupied [[Philadelphia]], was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side, including the death of their commander, [[Colonel]] [[Carl von Donop|Carl Emil Kurt von Donop]], by the 600 [[Continental Army|Continental]] defenders under [[Colonel]] [[Christopher Greene]]. After the later loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when [[Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Lord Charles Cornwallis]] landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18, 1777.<ref>[http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/colonials-patriots/sitee10.htm Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings], National Park Service. Accessed September 24, 2007.</ref>
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On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the [[Battle of Red Bank]], an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under British [[Major General]] [[William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe|William Howe]], who then occupied Philadelphia, was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side, including the death of their commander, [[Colonel]] [[Carl von Donop|Carl Emil Kurt von Donop]], by the 600 [[Continental Army|Continental]] defenders under [[Colonel]] [[Christopher Greene]]. After the later loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when [[Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Lord Charles Cornwallis]] landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18, 1777.<ref>[http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/colonials-patriots/sitee10.htm Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings], National Park Service. Accessed September 24, 2007.</ref>
   
[[Image:Fort Mercer Monument.jpg|thumb|left|Monument in Fort Mercer, 2008]]
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[[File:Fort Mercer Monument.jpg|thumb|left|Monument in Fort Mercer, 2008]]
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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{{New Jersey in the American Revolutionary War}}
 
{{New Jersey in the American Revolutionary War}}
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{{Wikipedia|Fort Mercer}}
   
 
[[Category:New Jersey in the American Revolution]]
 
[[Category:New Jersey in the American Revolution]]
 
[[Category:American Revolutionary War forts|Mercer]]
 
[[Category:American Revolutionary War forts|Mercer]]
 
[[Category:Military facilities on the National Register of Historic Places in New Jersey]]
 
[[Category:Military facilities on the National Register of Historic Places in New Jersey]]
[[Category:Forts in New Jersey|Mercer]]
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[[Category:Forts on the National Register of Historic Places in New Jersey|Mercer]]
[[Category:Buildings and structures in Gloucester County, New Jersey]]
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[[Category:Buildings and structures in New Jersey]]
[[Category:National Register of Historic Places in Gloucester County, New Jersey]]
 

Latest revision as of 00:48, 20 April 2019

Fort Mercer is also the name of an unrelated location in the video game Red Dead Redemption.

Hessian map showing campaigns against Fort Mifflin and Fort Mercer (Redbank) in 1777.

Fort Mercer was one of two forts constructed in 1777, on the Delaware River during the American Revolutionary War, by the Continental Army. Built under the command of George Washington, its purpose was to block the approach to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Fort Mifflin, on the Pennsylvania side, and Fort Mercer, on the New Jersey side. Fort Mercer was located in what is now the borough of National Park, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. A park, monument, and museum exist today on the site of the fort. The fort was named in honor of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer who had died earlier that year at the Battle of Princeton.

On October 22 of that year, in what is known as the Battle of Red Bank, an attack by 900 Hessian troops, serving under British Major General William Howe, who then occupied Philadelphia, was repelled, with heavy losses on the Hessian side, including the death of their commander, Colonel Carl Emil Kurt von Donop, by the 600 Continental defenders under Colonel Christopher Greene. After the later loss of Fort Mifflin, Fort Mercer was abandoned without a fight when Lord Charles Cornwallis landed 2,000 British troops nearby on November 18, 1777.[1]

Monument in Fort Mercer, 2008

See also[]

References[]

  1. Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, National Park Service. Accessed September 24, 2007.

Coordinates: 39°52′09″N 75°11′15″W / 39.8692°N 75.1874°W / 39.8692; -75.1874


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