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Franz Abromeit (August 8, 1907 – June 30, 1964) was an SS officer and worked in the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA). He was guilty of war crimes against Jews, but escaped from Germany at the end of World War II in Europe. In 1964 he was declared dead.

Franz Abromeit
Born (1907-08-08)August 8, 1907
Died June 30, 1964(1964-06-30) (aged 56)
Place of birth Tilsit, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (now Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast)
Place of death Republic of Egypt
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg SS
Years of service 1937–45
Rank Hauptsturmführer
Battles/wars World War II

Biography[edit | edit source]

Abromeit was born in Tilsit, and in his youth he was a leather merchant. Abromeit joined the Nazi Party (member number 329,305) and the SS (member number 272,353). In 1937 he was promoted in rank to SS-Untersturmführer, in 1938 SS-Obersturmführer and in 1940 SS-Hauptsturmführer. From 1939 to 1941 he served as head of the SD-Special Section for the Evacuation of Poles and Jews that forced resettlement from Danzig and West Prussia.

From 1942 he was Jewish adviser to Croatia in the Jewish Section (IVB4) of the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) under SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann.[1] 5,500 Jews were deported and most murdered. In 1944 he was employed with Eichmann, Dieter Wisliceny, Theodor Dannecker, de (Hermann Krumey), Siegfried Seidl, and Franz Novak in Hungary, to oversee the deportation of Jews in the concentration camps at Auschwitz. Over 430,000 Jews were deported from Hungary, of whom some 200,000 were murdered upon arrival.[2] Abromeit was one of the closest stewards under Eichmann.

He escaped Germany as World War II in Europe came to an end and was believed to have gone to Egypt. In 1964 he was declared dead.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Manfred Lahnstein: Massel und Chupze; Hoffmann und Campe, ISBN 978-3-455-09424-4
  2. Hans Küng: Das Judentum, S. 336; Piper-Verlag, München 2006

Literature[edit | edit source]

  • Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich; S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-10-039309-0

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