|Superintendent of the Chicago Police Department|
August 27, 1983 – November 1, 1987
|Preceded by||James E. O'Grady (interim)|
|Succeeded by||LeRoy Martin|
|Born||December 24, 1926|
|Died||January 10, 2011 (age 84)|
Palos Heights, Illinois
|Spouse(s)||Thelma Dean Martin|
|Children||2 (including Judith)|
|Alma mater||Roosevelt University|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1950–1952|
Fred Rice, Jr. was the a law enforcement agent who served as head of the Chicago Police Department between the from 1983 through 1987. He was the first black head of the Chicago Police Department.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Rice was raised in Chicago, attending John Farren Elementary School, Edward Hartigan Elementary School, and DuSable Leadership Academy.
Rice served in the United States Army for two years in the Korean War, from 1950 to 1952. He received two battle stars, a combat infrantry badge, and special commendation from the government of South Korea.
Rice worked for the Chicago Post Office before he passed the Chicago Park District Police Examination in 1955.
Police career[edit | edit source]
In 1955, Rice took a job as a patrol officer in the Chicago Park District police force, which was merged with the Chicago Police Department in 1959, at which time he joined the Chicago Police Department.
During his time as a police, Rice received undergraduate and master's degree from Roosevelt University, and also graduated from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Federal Executive Institute.
By 1983, he was the department's chief of patrol.
Superintendent of the Chicago Police Department[edit | edit source]
On August 27, 1983, Rice was appointed Superintendent of the Chicago Police Department by Harold Washington, first black mayor of Chicago, who had only been sworn-in as mayor months earlier. The department was overwhelming white. Rice was the first black person to serve as permanent head of the Chicago Police Department (before him, Samuel Nolan had served a few weeks as interim superintendent in 1979).
Washington sought to see the department reformed, including ending the de facto racial segregation within the force. Rice's efforts to implement integration within the police patrols was met with resistance from rank-and-file officers, who protested by slowing down ticket-writing. With the backing of the mayor, Rice stood up to this resistance.
Rice was named in a number of lawsuits where former ranking white officers alleged discrimination, arguing that they had been demoted because they were white and had politically opposed Harold Washington. However, Rice, was cleared in courts of any wrongdoing.
Rice's tenure saw a decrease in the departments use of firearms, and a decrease in the number of disorderly conduct arrests, which had been considered a cause of tension between the police and the populations of minority neighborhoods.
Subsequent career[edit | edit source]
Personal life[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "The Honorable Judith C. Rice's Biography" (in en). https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/honorable-judith-c-rice.
- "Many Superintendents Have Tried To Reform the Chicago Police (TIMELINE)". 8 December 2015. https://www.dnainfo.com/chicago/20151218/downtown/many-superintendents-have-tried-reform-chicago-police-timeline/.
- Lee, William; Schlikerman, Becky (11 January 2011). "Fred Rice, 1926-2011". Chicago Tribune. https://www.chicagotribune.com/lifestyles/ct-xpm-2011-01-11-ct-met-obit-fred-rice-20110110-story.html.
- "Fred Rice, Jr.'s Biography" (in en). https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/fred-rice-jr.
- "HEADS OF THE CHICAGO POLICE DEPARTMENT | ChicagoCop.com". https://www.chicagocop.com/history/people/heads-of-the-chicago-police-department/.
- Hartman, Hermene (31 January 2011). "A Salute to Fred Rice, Jr." (in en). https://www.huffpost.com/entry/a-salute-to-fred-rice-jr_b_815650.
- "Chicago Police Chief Retires (Published 1987)". 1 September 1987. https://www.nytimes.com/1987/09/01/us/chicago-police-chief-retires.html.
- Cronin, Pat Somers (29 January 2011). "Fred Rice, 84, city's first black superintendent" (in en). https://www.beverlyreview.net/news/featured_news/article_884740ea-6782-53ae-936a-1026f6648988.html.
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