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French frigate Bellone (1807)
Grand Port mg6974
Bellone at the Battle of Grand Port.
Career (France) Ensign of France
Name: Bellone
Namesake: Bellona
Ordered: 14 January 1803
Builder: Saint Servan (near Saint Malo; Ethéart company), plans by Sané
Laid down: May 1809
Launched: 1807
Commissioned: February 1779
Out of service: 4 December 1810
Career (UK) Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom
Name: HMS Junon[1]
Acquired: 4 December 1810
Out of service: 1817
General characteristics
Class & type: Consolante-class frigate
Displacement: 1320 tonnes
Tons burthen: 10918394 (bm)
Length: 48.75 metres (159.9 ft)
Beam: 12.2 metres (40 ft)
Draught: 5.9 metres (19 ft)
Propulsion: Sail
Armament:
Armour: Timber

Bellone was a 44-gun Consolante-class frigate of the French Navy.

French serviceEdit

Bellone, under the command of Guy-Victor Duperré, departed Saint-Malo on 18 January 1809, bound for the Indian Ocean. She sailed from La Réunion for a combat patrol in August. On 2 November she captured HMS Victor. Twenty days later, she captured the 48-gun Portuguese Minerva after a 2-hour battle. Bellone sailed back to La Réunion with her prize, arriving on 2 January 1810.

In April 1810, the squadron comprising Bellone, Minerve and Victor departed for another patrol, during which they fought the Action of 3 July 1810 and the Battle of Grand Port.

Bellone was surrendered to the British when Île de France fell, on 4 December 1810.

British serviceEdit

Bellone was recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Junon.

In June 1812, Junon escorted a convoy from Portsmouth to India.

On 8 February 1813, nine boats and 200 men of the squadron of which Junon was part captured the letter of marque schooner Lottery. Lottery was of 210 tons burthen (bm), copper-bottomed and fastened, and carried six 12-pounder carronades, though she was pierced for 16 cannon. Her crew put up a strong defense with the result that the British cutting out party suffered six men wounded, half severely or dangerously, one of whom died later; Junon herself suffered two men wounded. The Americans suffered 19 men wounded, including their captain, John Southcomb, before they struck. Southcomb died of his wounds and his body was taken ashore.[2] Lottery had been carrying a cargo of coffee, sugar and lumber from Baltimore to Bordeaux.[3] A week later Lottery convoyed several prizes to Bermuda.[4] The Royal Navy took Lottery into service as HMS Canso.

In June, Bellone's boats raided the James River, and she sustained attack by US gunboats.

On 3 April 1814, as she sailed with HMS Tenedos, she encountered the USS Constitution, which fled at all sail, dropping drinking water and food overboard, and eventually making it to Marblehead harbour.

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. HMS Junon, Naval Database
  2. Maclay (1900), pp.464-5.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 16712. pp. 550–551. 16 March 1813.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 16718. p. 699. 6 April 1813.

BibliographyEdit

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