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French ironclad Couronne
Career (France)
Name: Couronne
Namesake: "Crown"
Builder: Lorient
Laid down: 14 February 1859
Launched: 28 March 1861
Commissioned: 2 February 1862
Out of service: Hulked, 1910
Fate: Scrapped, 1932
General characteristics
Class & type: Gloire-class ironclad
Displacement: 6,428 tonnes 
Length: 80.85 m (265 ft 3 in)
Beam: 16.7 m (54 ft 9 in)
Draught: 7.8 m (25 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: Indret boiler, 3,800 hp (2,834 kW)
1 × 6-bladed 5.8 m (19 ft) propeller
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 570
Armament: 30 × Model 1878 rifled guns
Armour: Belt: 120 mm (4.7 in)
Superstructures: 120 mm (4.7 in)
Bunker: 100 mm (3.9 in)

Couronne ("Crown") was an ironclad battleship of the French Navy during the Second Empire.

Career[edit | edit source]

The Couronne was built as an ironclad of Gloire type, though she was made entirely in iron rather than iron plaques fixed on a wooden hull. When built, she was the only all-iron ship in the French navy.[1]

In 1864, Couronne took an incidental role in the Battle of Cherbourg, leading CSS Alabama off French territorial waters to her fight with USS Kearsarge.[2]

From 1881 on, she was used as a gunnery school for the Navy and modified : her armour was removed, her bow, rear and rigging were modified, giving her the appeared of a ship of the Napoléon type. For this role, her artillery was replaced by an assortment of guns of various calibres.

In 1908, she was replaced in her role as gunnery school, and converted to a floating barracks, until she was scrapped in 1932.

The Couronne sailing in heavy sea

References[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 – 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 
  • de Balincourt, Captain; Vincent-Bréchignac, Captain (1974). "The French Navy of Yesterday: Ironclad Frigates, Pt. II". Akron, OH: F.P.D.S.. pp. 23–25. 
  • Gardiner, Robert, ed (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. 

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