|French ironclad Magenta|
|Namesake:||Battle of Magenta|
|Laid down:||22 June 1859|
|Launched:||22 June 1861|
|Fate:||Exploded on 31 October 1875|
|Class & type:||Magenta-class ironclad|
1,000 hp (746 kW) steam engine, 8 boilers
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Endurance:||3 months of food, 700 tonnes of coal|
On 31 October 1875, a fire started aboard. The crew attempted to wet the gunpowder magazines and fight the fire, to no avail. When it became clear that the ship could not be saved, the crew abandoned ship, and the Magenta exploded shortly after. She sank in 15 metres of water in the military harbour of Toulon.
At the time of the accident, Magenta had a cargo of Carthaginian antiques, notably 2080 punic stelae (Tophet, 2nd century BC) and a marble statue of Vibia Sabina (Thasos, c. 127-128 AD), found in 1874 by the Pricot de Sainte-Marie mission.
The wreck was located in April 1994. Fragments of stelae have been since recovered. The statue has been partially recovered, though the head was too damaged to be rejoined to the rest of the statue. The fragments are on display at the Louvre.
- ↑ "Le Magenta : statue de l'impératrice Sabine". culture.gouv.fr. 2001. http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/archeosm/archeosom/magenta2-s.htm. Retrieved 20 March 2013. (French)
- ↑ "Site officiel du musée du Louvre". cartelfr.louvre.fr. 2013. http://cartelfr.louvre.fr/cartelfr/visite?srv=car_not_frame&idNotice=2835. Retrieved 20 March 2013. (French)
- de Balincourt, Captain; Vincent-Bréchignac, Captain (1974). "The French Navy of Yesterday: Ironclad Frigates, Pt. II". Akron, OH: F.P.D.S.. pp. 23–25.
- Gardiner, Robert, ed (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
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