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Sir
Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix
Native name Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix
Born Frederic Henri Ferdinand Leopold de Forcade[1]
(1747-12-19)19 December 1747[1]
Berlin, Brandenburg[1]
Died 12 October 1808(1808-10-12)
Gut Schleibtz, Oels, Silesia
Title Castellan (Drost) in Neuenrade
Spouse(s) Johanna Christine Wilhelmine von Koschembahr und Skorkau, from the house of Ossen (1782)
Children 7, most notably:
Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin von Forcade de Biaix
Wilhelm Friedrich Erdmann Ferdinand von Forcade de Biaix
Friedrich Wilhelm Ferdinand Ernst Heinrich von Forcade de Biaix
Parents His Excellency, Lieutenant General Sir Friedrich Wilhelm Quirin von Forcade de Biaix and Marie de Montolieu, Baronne de St.-Hippolyte
Military career
Allegiance  Prussia
Service/branch Prussian Army
Years of service 1761-1793
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Unit 23rd Prussian Infantry Regiment (1761-1767)
Vernezobre Regiment (1767-1774)
28th Prussian Infantry Regiment
Commands held 15th Fusilier Battalion
10th Fusilier Battalion
Battles/wars
Awards Knight of the Order of Pour le Mérite (1791)

Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix,[2] aka Heinrich Friedrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix,[3] aka Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold Marquis de Forcade de Biaix[4] (* 19 December 1747,[2] Berlin; † 12 October 1808,[2] Schleibitz Manor,[5] Oels, Silesia), was a Royal Prussian lieutenant colonel. He served in the Prussian Army from 1761-1793. His last command was as Commanding Officer of the 10th Prussian Fusilier Battalion, with which he served in the Rhine Campaigns of 1791,[2] where he was awarded the Kingdom of Prussia's highest military order of merit for heroism, Knight of the Order of Pour le Mérite (1791).[2][4] He left the Prussian Army after 32 years of service in 1793 as the result of invalidity. At the time of his death, he was the owner of Schleibitz Manor,[6] near Oels, Silesia.[5]

He was the third son,[2] of Royal Prussian Lieutenant General Friedrich Wilhelm Quirin von Forcade de Biaix, one of King Frederick the Great's most active and most treasured officers. His baptismal Godfather was none less than His Majesty Frederick the Great. As a gift, the King ordered his father to accept the hereditary title of Drost zu Neuenrade ("Castellan of Neuenrade") in the County of Mark with the royal command that it be transferred to him upon his death.[7] After his father's death in 1765, he became Castellan (Drost) of Neuenrade.[2]

Military career[edit | edit source]

He followed the military tradition of his family, and:

Family[edit | edit source]

Coat of arms[edit | edit source]

Forcade-Biaix Coat of Arms, Prussian Branch, circa 1820

The family motto of the Prussian branch is "In Virtute Pertinax".[9]

Coat of Arms: An escutcheon with the field divided into four parts. Left half: argent tincture, a gules lion holding a sinople eradicated oak tree between its paws; azure tincture charged with three or mullets; Right half: a gules castle with three towers on an argent tincture; sinople tincture charged with three argent roses below it. A Grafenkrone (Count's coronet) as helmut on top of the escutcheon, crested with a or fleur-de-lis. Two or lions supporting the escutcheon. Motto: "In Virtute Pertinax".

Heraldic Symbolism: The lion symbolizes courage; the eradicated oak tree symbolizes strength and endurance; the towers are symbols of defense and of individual fortitude; the mullets (5-star) symbolizes divine quality bestowed by god; the rose is a symbol of hope and joy; the fleur-de-lis is the floral emblem of France; the coronet is a symbol of victory, sovereignty and empire. A Count's coronet to demonstrate rank and because the family originally served the counts of Foix and Béarn during the English Wars in the Middle Ages.

Forcade-Biaix Coat of Arms,[6][10] Silesia Branch, date unknown, pre-1900

Parents[edit | edit source]

His father was Friedrich Wilhelm Quirin von Forcade de Biaix (1699-1729), one of King Frederick the Great's most active and most treasured officers.[7][11] Twice wounded and left for dead on the battlefield, he was Regimentschef of the 23rd Prussian Infantry Regiment,[12][13] recipient of the Kingdom of Prussia's highest military order of merit for heroism, Knight of the Order of Pour le Mérite,[14] Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle,[7][12][14][15] Canon of Havelberg,[7] Castellan of Neuenrade in the County of Mark,[14] Lord Seneschal of Zinna,[7][11][12][14] President of the Ober-Collegium Sanitatis in Berlin and Lieutenant governor of Breslau.[12] He married in 1727 at the French Cathedral in Berlin with Marie de Montolieu, Baronne de St.-Hippolyte[11][16] aka Maria von Montaulieu, Freiin von St.-Hippolyte (1709-1767), daughter of Sardinian and Prussian Major General[16] Louis de Montolieu, Baron de St.-Hippolyte († 1738, Berlin), also a Huguenot exile.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix married on 15 April 1782[2] at Ossen Manor in Oels, Silesia, to Wilhelmine von Koshembahr und Skorkau from the house of Ossen,[2][7] (* 13 January 1761, Ossen Manor, Oels; † 9 July 1816, Breslau), the daughter of Christian Leopold von Koschembahr und Skorkau, Herr of Ober- and Nieder-Ossen, Pühlau, Dörndorf and Jacobsdorf, and his second wife Charlotte Wilhelmine Wutge von Wutgenau.

Children[edit | edit source]

The couple had at least seven children from their marriage; known are five sons and two daughters. Three sons[2] survived into adulthood.

Other family[edit | edit source]

Titles and offices[edit | edit source]

Historical terms, in particular those related to offices, titles and awards, are often outdated in their usage to the point that modern dictionaries no longer contain them. To understand their meaning in the present day context it is necessary to look into dictionaries from the period. Historical terms in German used in the production of this article, and their English definitions, include:

Drost zu Neuenrade[edit | edit source]

Castellan of Neuenrade

  • Drost (der): synonym with "Landdrost", "Landshauptmann" and "Landsvogt"; a Lord Seneschal, a Governor of a certain part of a country, an Upper Bailiff, a Castellan See: Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 1: ... Containing the Letters A - G of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796, Page 618 (in German and English)

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Berlin-Friedrichstadt, Baptisms Vol. 1743-1753, p. 228 (in French manuscript) (subscription required)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 391 (in German)
  3. Blažek, Part 3, Page 131 (in German)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Lehmann, Band 1, Page 209, Nr. 145 (in German)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 2, Page 180 (in German)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Blažek, Part 3, Page 132 (in German)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 390 (in German)
  8. Gieraths, Band 8, Page 189 (in German)
  9. Champeaux, Page 105 (in French)
  10. Blažek, Part 3, Page 267, Table 85 (in German)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 2, Page 179 (in German)
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Heinsius, Issue 52, Page 241, Nr. V (in German)
  13. Gieraths, Band 8, Page 79 (in German)
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 König, Band 1, Page 430 (in German)
  15. Ledebur, Band 17, Page 43 (in German)
  16. 16.0 16.1 König, Band 1, Page 431 (in German)
  17. VIFA - Ausländer im vorrevolutionären Russland, Institut für Ost- und Südeuropaforschung, Erik-Amburger-Datenbank, Datensatz: 86859 (in German)
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 392 (in German)

References[edit | edit source]

  • Blažek, Konrad: J. Siebmacher's grosses und allgemeines Wappenbuch in einer neuen, vollständig geordneten und reich vermehrten Auflage mit heraldischen und historisch- genealogischen Erläuterungen; Sechsten Bandes Achte Abtheilung. Der abgestorbene Adel der Preussischen Provinz Schlesien. Dritter Theil, Nürnberg 1894, Page 131 & Page 267 Table 85. (in German)
  • Champeaux, Joseph de: Devises, cris de guerre, légendes, dictons, Dijon 1890, Page 105. (in French)
  • Gieraths, Günther: Die Kampfhandlungen der brandenburgisch-preussischen Armee, 1626-1807, Band 8, Berlin 1964, Page 189. (in German)
  • Heinsius, Johann Samuel (Verlag): Fortgesetzte neue genealogisch-historische Nachrichten von den vornehmsten Begebenheiten, welche sich an den europäischen Höfen zutragen, worinn zugleich vieler Stands-Personen Lebens-Beschreibungen vorkommen. Der 49.-54. Theil (1764-1765), Leipzig 1766, Page 241, Nr. V (in German)
  • Kneschke, Ernst Heinrich: Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon, Band 3, Leipzig 1861, Pages 293-294. (in German)
  • König, Anton Balthasar: Biographisches Lexikon aller Helden und Militairpersonen, welche sich in Preußischen Diensten berühmt gemacht haben: A - F, Band 1, Pages 429-432. (in German)
  • Lehmann, Gustaf: Die Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite. Auf Allerhöchsten Befehl Seiner Majestät des Kaisers und Königs, bearbeitet im Königlichen Kriegsministerium durch Gustav Lehmann, wirklichen geheimen Kriegsrat und vortragenden Rat im Kriegs-Ministerium, Erster Band: 1740-1811, Berlin 1913, Page 209, Nr. 145 (in German)
  • Zedlitz-Neukirch, Leopold von: Neues preußisches Adelslexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten von den in der preussischen Monarchie ansässigen oder zu derselben in Beziehung stehenden fürstlichen, gräflichen, freiherrlichen und adeligen Häusern mit der Angabe ihrer Abstammung, ihres Besitzthums, ihres Wappens und der aus ihnen hervorgegangenen Civil- und Militärpersonen, Helden, Gelehrten und Künstler: E - H, Band 2, 1836, Pages 179-180. (in German)
  • Zedlitz-Neukirch, Leopold von: Neues preußisches Adelslexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten von den in der preussischen Monarchie ansässigen oder zu derselben in Beziehung stehenden fürstlichen, gräflichen, freiherrlichen und adeligen Häusern mit der Angabe ihrer Abstammung, ihres Besitzthums, ihres Wappens und der aus ihnen hervorgegangenen Civil- und Militärpersonen, Helden, Gelehrten und Künstler: P - Z, Band 4, 1837, Pages 390-392. (in German)

Literature[edit | edit source]

  • Lehmann, Gustaf: Die Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite. Auf Allerhöchsten Befehl Seiner Majestät des Kaisers und Königs, bearbeitet im Königlichen Kriegsministerium durch Gustav Lehmann, wirklichen geheimen Kriegsrat und vortragenden Rat im Kriegs-Ministerium, Erster Band: 1740-1811, Berlin 1913 (in German)
  • Lehmann, Gustaf: Die Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite. Auf Allerhöchsten Befehl Seiner Majestät des Kaisers und Königs, bearbeitet im Königlichen Kriegsministerium durch Gustav Lehmann, wirklichen geheimen Kriegsrat und vortragenden Rat im Kriegs-Ministerium, Zweiter Band: 1812-1913, Berlin 1913, (in German)

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