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File:The Red House near Dresden 1813.jpg

The Red House in Stehlen near Dresden, 26 August 1813, during the Battle of Dresden

Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin von Forcade de Biaix,[1][2] Herr of Schleibitz, Hamm, Groß-Naedlitz and Loslau, (* 12 May 1784, Berlin; † 22 October 1840,[2] Breslau[3]), Royal Prussian Major, Knight of the Iron Cross 2nd Class[3][4] on 26 August 1813, Knight of the Order of St. John Bailiwick of Brandenburg[1][3][4] (Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens Sankt Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem) in 1817, Royal Prussian [1][4] (Kammerherr) and Castellan (Drost) of Neuenrade in the County of Mark,[1] after his father's death in 1808.

Military career[edit | edit source]

He followed the military tradition of his family, and:

Family[edit | edit source]

Coat of Arms[edit | edit source]

Forcade-Biaix Coat of Arms, Prussian Branch, circa 1820

The family motto of the Prussian branch is "In Virtute Pertinax".[5]

Coat of Arms: An escutcheon with the field divided into four parts. Left half: argent tincture, a gules lion holding a sinople eradicated oak tree between its paws; azure tincture charged with three or mullets; Right half: a gules castle with three towers on an argent tincture; sinople tincture charged with three argent roses below it. A Grafenkrone (Count's coronet) as helmut on top of the escutcheon, crested with a or fleur-de-lis. Two or lions supporting the escutcheon. Motto: "In Virtute Pertinax".

Heraldic Symbolism: The lion symbolizes courage; the eradicated oak tree symbolizes strength and endurance; the towers are symbols of defense and of individual fortitude; the mullets (5-star) symbolizes divine quality bestowed by god; the rose is a symbol of hope and joy; the fleur-de-lis is the floral emblem of France; the coronet is a symbol of victory, sovereignty and empire. A Count's coronet to demonstrate rank and because the family originally served the counts of Foix and Béarn during the English Wars in the Middle Ages.

Forcade-Biaix Coat of Arms,[2][6] Silesia Branch, date unknown, pre-1900

Parents[edit | edit source]

His father was Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix[1] (1747-1808), a Royal Prussian Lieutenant Colonel, recipient of Kingdom of Prussia's highest military order of merit for heroism, Knight of the Order of Pour le Mérite[1] and Castellan (Drost) of Neuenrade in the County of Mark.[1]

He married in 1782[1] at Ossen Manor in Oels, Silesia, to Wilhelmine von Koshembahr und Skorkau[1] (1762-????), from the house of Ossen.[7] She was the daughter of Christian Leopold von Koschembahr und Skorkau, Herr of Ober- and Nieder-Ossen, Pühlau, Dörndorf and Jacobsdorf, and his 2nd wife Charlotte Wilhelmine Wutge von Wutgenau.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin von Forcade de Biaix married in 1804[1] with Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Elisabeth von Poser und Groß-Naedlitz,[1][3] from the house of Peuke[1][3] (* 25 November 1785, Rittergut Peuke, Oels, Silesia; † 11 September 1818,[1] Breslau), the daughter of Johann Gottlieb Sylvius von Poser und Groß-Naedlitz, Herr of Perschau and Domsel (1739-1817), a Royal Prussian Lieutenant Colonel and Aide-de-camp (Flügeladjutant) to Frederick William III of Prussia, and his 4th wife, Amalie Johanna Henriette Helene von Loeben (1762-1823).

Children[edit | edit source]

The couple had several children, but by the time his wife died in 1818, only one daughter was still alive:

Other Family[edit | edit source]

Titles and Offices[edit | edit source]

Historical terms, in particular those related to offices, titles and awards, are often outdated in their usage to the point that modern dictionaries no longer contain them. To understand their meaning in the present day context it is necessary to look into dictionaries from the period. Historical terms in German used in the production of this article, and their English definitions, include:

Drost zu Neuenrade[edit | edit source]

Castellan of Neuenrade

  • Drost (der): synonym with "Landdrost", "Landshauptmann" and "Landsvogt"; a Lord Seneschal, a Governor of a certain part of a country, an Upper Bailiff, a Castellan See: Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 1: ... Containing the Letters A - G of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796, Page 618 (in German and English)

Kammerherr[edit | edit source]

Chamberlain

  • Kammerherr (der): a Chamberlain; see also Kammerer See: Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 2: ... Containing the Letters H - R of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796, Page 284 (in German and English)

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 391 (in German)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Blažek, Part 3, Page 132 (in German)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 2, Page 180 (in German)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 1839 Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof, Page 10 (in German)
  5. Champeaux, Page 105 (in French)
  6. Blažek, Part 3, Page 267, Table 85 (in German)
  7. Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 390 (in German)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 392 (in German)

References[edit | edit source]

  • Blažek, Konrad: J. Siebmacher's grosses und allgemeines Wappenbuch in einer neuen, vollständig geordneten und reich vermehrten Auflage mit heraldischen und historisch- genealogischen Erläuterungen; Sechsten Bandes Achte Abtheilung. Der abgestorbene Adel der Preussischen Provinz Schlesien. Dritter Theil, Nürnberg 1894, Page 131 & Page 267 Table 85. (in German)
  • Champeaux, Joseph de: Devises, cris de guerre, légendes, dictons, Dijon 1890, Page 105. (in French)
  • Preußen: Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof und Staat für das Jahr 1839, Berlin 1839, Page 10 (in German)
  • Zedlitz-Neukirch, Leopold von: Neues preußisches Adelslexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten von den in der preussischen Monarchie ansässigen oder zu derselben in Beziehung stehenden fürstlichen, gräflichen, freiherrlichen und adeligen Häusern mit der Angabe ihrer Abstammung, ihres Besitzthums, ihres Wappens und der aus ihnen hervorgegangenen Civil- und Militärpersonen, Helden, Gelehrten und Künstler: E - H, Band 2, 1836, Pages 179-180. (in German)
  • Zedlitz-Neukirch, Leopold von: Neues preußisches Adelslexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten von den in der preussischen Monarchie ansässigen oder zu derselben in Beziehung stehenden fürstlichen, gräflichen, freiherrlichen und adeligen Häusern mit der Angabe ihrer Abstammung, ihres Besitzthums, ihres Wappens und der aus ihnen hervorgegangenen Civil- und Militärpersonen, Helden, Gelehrten und Künstler: P - Z, Band 4, 1837, Pages 390-392. (in German)

Literature[edit | edit source]

  • Archiv der Stiftung Zentralstelle für Personen- und Familiengeschichte, Berlin-Dahlem
  • Danty, Pierre: Revue de Pau et du Béarn, Une famille béarnaise au service de la Prusse : les Forcade-Biaix, La Société des Sciences Lettres et Arts de Pau et du Béarn, 1978, Nr. 6, Pages 269-272. (in French)
  • Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 1: ... Containing the Letters A - G of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796 (in German and English)
  • Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 2: ... Containing the Letters H - R of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796 (in German and English)
  • Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 3: ... Containing the Letters S - Z of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796 (in German and English)
  • Gieraths, Günther: Die Kampfhandlungen der brandenburgisch-preussischen Armee, 1626-1807, Band 8, Berlin 1964, Pages 79 & 111. (in German)
  • Kneschke, Ernst Heinrich: Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon, Band 3, Leipzig 1861, Pages 293-294. (in German)
  • König, Anton Balthasar: Biographisches Lexikon aller Helden und Militairpersonen, welche sich in Preußischen Diensten berühmt gemacht haben: A - F, Band 1, Pages 429-432. (in German)
  • Komander, Gerhild H. M.: Der Wandel des "Sehepuncktes". Die Geschichte Brandenburg-Preußens in der Graphik von 1648 bis 1810. Münster 1995, Pages 310-311. (in German)
  • Kroener, Bernhard: Potsdam: Staat, Armee, Residenz in der preussisch-deutschen Militärgeschichte. (in German)
  • Ledebur, Leopold von: Allgemeines Archiv für die Geschichtskunde des Preußischen Staates, Band 17, Berlin 1835, Page 43. (in German)
  • Priesdorff, Kurt von: Soldatisches Führertum, Band 1, Hamburg 1937, Pages 354-356, Nr. 371. (in German)
  • Schöning, Kurd Wolfgang von: Die Generale der chur-brandenburgischen und königlich preussischen Armee von 1640-1840. (Chronologische Uebersicht der Brandenb. Preuss. Generalität seit 1640.) Eine historische Uebersicht, sammt vielen eingewebten urkundlichen Notizen als Jubelschrift dem vaterländischen Kriegesheere geweiht, Page 71, Nr. 364. (in German)

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