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Günter Kuhnke
Kapitänleutnant Günter Kuhnke.jpg
Born (1912-09-07)7 September 1912
Died 11 October 1990(1990-10-11) (age 29)
Place of birth Elbing, West Prussia
Place of death Schortens
Allegiance Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Nazi Germany (to 1945)
Flag of Germany.png West Germany
Service/branch Flag of Weimar Republic (jack).svg Reichsmarine
War Ensign of Germany (1938–1945).svg Kriegsmarine
Naval Ensign of Germany.svg German Navy
Years of service 1931–1945, 1955–1972
Rank Korvettenkapitän (Kriegsmarine)
Konteradmiral (Bundesmarine)
Unit SSS Niobe
cruiser Karlsruhe
Commands held U-28
U-125
U-853
10th U-boat Flotilla
33rd U-boat Flotilla
destroyer Z-2 (D171)
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Stern zum Großen Verdienstkreuz des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Günter Kuhnke (7 September 1912 – 11 October 1990) was a Korvettenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and later a Konteradmiral with the Bundesmarine. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language:Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

He commanded the U-28, U-125 and U-853, sinking eleven ships on nine patrols, for a total of 42,252 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping plus the special service vessel HMS Prunella. He commanded 10th U-boat Flotilla from January 1942 until October 1944, then 33rd U-boat Flotilla until May 1945.

Fregattenkapitän Günter Kuhnke commanded the destroyer Z-2 (D171) (formerly USS Ringgold (DD-500)) from 14 July 1959 until November 1960.

Summary of careerEdit

Ships attackedEdit

Date Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[1]
14 September 1939 Vancouver City Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 4,955 Sunk
17 November 1939 Sliedrecht Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 5,133 Sunk
25 November 1939 Royston Grange Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 5,144 Sunk
21 January 1940 Protesilaus Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 9,577 Total loss (mine)
9 March 1940 P. Margoronis Flag of Greece.svg Greece 4,979 Sunk
11 March 1940 Eulota Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 6,236 Sunk
18 June 1940 Samartia Flag of Finland.svg Finland 2,417 Sunk
19 June 1940 Adamandios Georgandis Flag of Greece.svg Greece 3,443 Sunk
21 June 1940 HMS Prunella Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 4,443 Sunk
27 August 1940 Eva Flag of Norway.svg Norway 1,599 Sunk
28 August 1940 Kyno Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 3,946 Sunk
9 September 1940 Mardinian Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 2,431 Sunk
11 September 1940 Harpenden Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 4,678 Damaged
9 September 1940 Maas Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 1,966 Sunk
26 October 1940 Matina Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 5,389 Damaged

PromotionsEdit

Reichsmarine (1931-1935)Edit

  • Offiziersanwärter (officer candidate) - 1 April 1931
  • Seekadett (officer cadet) - 1 April 1932
  • Fähnrich zur See (midshipman) - 1 April 1933
  • Oberfähnrich zur See (senior midshipman) - 1 January 1935
  • Leutnant zur See (acting sub-lieutenant) - 1 April 1935

Kriegsmarine (1935-1945)Edit

  • Oberleutnant zur See (sub-lieutenant) - 1 January 1937
  • Kapitänleutnant (lieutenant) - 1 October 1939
  • Korvettenkapitän (corvette captain/lieutenant-commander) - 1 March 1943

Bundesmarine (1955-1972)Edit

  • Joined 16 November 1955[2]
  • Fregattenkapitän (frigate captain/commander) - 16 June 1956
  • Kapitän zur See (captain) - 16 October 1962
  • Flottillenadmiral (flotilla admiral/commodore) - 28 January 1965
  • Konteradmiral (rear-admiral) - 1 April 1966
  • Retired 30 September 1972[3]

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u28/html
  2. Bundesarchiv/Militärarchiv Bestand BM 25
  3. Bundesarchiv/Militärarchiv Bestand BM 10
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Busch and Röll 2003, p. 67.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 279.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Busch and Röll 2003, p. 68.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
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External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Korvettenkapitän Georg Schewe
Commander of the 33rd U-boat Flotilla
September – October 1944
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Commander of German destroyer Z-2 (formerly USS Ringgold)
July 1959 – November 1960
Succeeded by
Fregattenkapitän Otto Ites



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