|Sir George Frederick Gorringe|
Lieutenant General Sir George Gorringe
|Born||10 February 1868|
|Died||24 October 1945(aged 77)|
|Place of birth||Kingston by Sea, England|
|Place of death||Kingston-by-Sea|
|Years of service||1888 – 1924|
|Commands held||10th Division|
Second Boer War
First World War
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath|
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Lieutenant General Sir George Frederick Gorringe KCB, KCMG, DSO (10 February 1868 – 24 October 1945) served as an active field commander in the British Army during the Anglo-Boer War, World War I, on the Palestine and Western Fronts.
Early life[edit | edit source]
He was educated at Lee's School Brighton, and Wellington College. In 1886 he passed into the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and obtained his commission in the Royal Engineers on 17 February 1888.
Military career[edit | edit source]
Gorringe initially served at Chatham and Aldershot. He was attached to the Egyptian Army in 1892-1899 and served with the Dongola Expedition of 1896 and with the Nile Expeditions of 1897-1899. He then served in the South African War of 1899-1901, and was in November 1900 appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) for his services. Gorringe again served in the Egyptian Army in the Sudan 1902-1904.
Knighted in 1915, his distinguished service during the First World War included command of the 3rd Indian Army Corps during operations up the Tigris in March to July 1916, and of the 47th Division British Expeditionary Force in France in September 1916 to March 1919.
In his despatch, to the Chief of the General Staff at British Indian Army Headquarters in Simla, on the operations in Mesopotamia from 19 January to 30 April 1916, Lt-Genl Sir Percy Lake, KCB reported the following:
"Major-General (temporary Lieut.-General) Sir G. F. Gorringe has rendered valuable service to the State. As Chief of the Staff to the Tigris Column from 28 January, and in command of the Column from 12 March onwards, he has shown untiring energy, ability and devotion in dealing with the many difficult situations which he had to face. He is a Commander of proved ability in the field."
Execution of HJ van Heerden, Cape Rebel[edit | edit source]
On 2 March 1901, Gorringe, as a Lieutenant-Colonel, formed a military court on the farm Riet Valley, near Middelburg, Cape Colony to try, in absentia, Hendrik Jacobus van Heerden. The President of the court was Captain CE Wilson of the East Lancashire Regiment. Van Heerden was executed by firing squad shortly after the court had reached its decision.
Following the execution, Gorringe made the following statement:
"After the above Court had been held and the column I command were on the march towards Pearston I received by rider Lt Kirby's report. He was so badly wounded he could not attend. This report strictly confirmed Van Heerden's guilt and treachery and I caused it necessary to make a summary example on the spot. I could not wait for confirmation from higher authority as it was imperative that the enemy, then on the march to Pearston should be followed up without delay. I therefore confirmed the sentence which I ordered to be carried out without delay. I detached a squadron for that purpose." 
Nickname[edit | edit source]
Later life[edit | edit source]
He lived and farmed at Kingston-by-Sea until his death on 24 October 1945. He was buried in the family plot in the north-west corner of St Julian’s churchyard. St Julian's is now part of Shoreham-by-Sea.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- FIRST WORLD WAR.COM
- UK National Archives
- "No. 25790". 24 February 1888. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/25790/page/
- "No. 27306". 19 April 1901. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27306/page/
- "No. 29782". 10 October 1916. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/29782/page/
- Jooste, Graham; Roger Webster (2002). Innocent blood: executions during the Anglo-Boer War. South Africa: New Africa Books (Pty) Ltd (South Africa). pp. 238. ISBN ISBN 0-86486-532-5, ISBN 978-0-86486-532-8. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=blgjhkGD0vgC.
- University of Birmingham Centre for First World War Studies (General's Nicknames)
- Worthing Herald
[edit | edit source]
|Photograph of Lt Genl Sir George Gorringe|
|General Officer Commanding the 10th (Irish) Division
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