GSG 9 der Bundespolizei (Formerly a German abbreviation for Grenzschutzgruppe 9, Or in English: Group 9 of the Border
Guard) Is the counterterrorism response unit of German Federal Police (Bundespolizei), considered one of the most efficient in the world.
After the historic failure of the German police which led to the Munich massacre there was a reform in the organization based partly on models of the British special forces operating as SAS but mainly the Israeli special forces - Sayeret Matkal - at the beginning which then led the group, which would be designated to deal with similar situations, been to today, a task force police more efficient and globally recognized.
The connection created in this period of training with the Israelis was so strong that remains to this day. Currently, for example Special Police Unit of Israeli Border Guard - Yamam/ Magav - A unit that rarely experienced train with foreign units, maintains a narrow exchange training with the GSG 9.
Other operations publicly known[edit | edit source]
Main tasks known and reported by the media.
- 1977: October 17–18: A Luthans Flight 181 was hijacked by four Arab terrorists demanding the release of members of the Red Army Faction. The officers of the GSG 9 stormed the aircraft on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, and freed all 86 hostages.
- 1982: Detention of terrorists Red Army Faction, Mohnhaupt and Schulz
- 1993: Detention of terrorists Red Army Faction Birgit Hogefeld and Wolfgang Grams in Bad Kleinen. The theory that Wolfgang Grams was executed in revenge for the death of GSG 9 Michael Newrzella during the mission (Grams had shot and killed when he attacked Newrzella) was disregarded by the investigator.
- 1993: Ending of the hijacking of the flight of KLM Tunisia to Amsterdam, redirected to Düsseldorf, without firing a single shot.
- 1994: Outcome of a kidnapping in prison Kassel.
- 1994: Involvement in search of the kidnappers Albert and Polak.
- 1995: Operation Flash & Storm (Croatia) for the liberation of a territory occupied by rebel Croatian Serbs.
- 1998: Arrest of a man who tries to extort money from the German railway company Deutsche Bahn.
- 1999: Prison of Metin Kaplan in Cologne.
- 1999: Arrested two members of Roten Zellen in Berlin.
- 1999: Outcome of a kidnapping by the Central Bank in Aachen
- 2000: Counseling the Philippines relcionado a kidnapping.
- 2001: Arrested two spies in Heidelberg.
- 2001: Help in the release of four German tourists in Egypt.
- 2001: Detention of terrorists related to the attacks of September 11.
- 2002: Detention of terrorists related to the attacks of September 11.
- 2003: Safety of four members of the German Technisches Hilfswerk (THW) (A government organization antidesastres Germany) in Baghdad, Iraq. The THW's mission was intended to repair the water distribution network.
- 2004: It was responsible for protecting employees and property of the German Embassy in Baghdad Iraq.
- 2004: On April 7, two members were attacked and killed near Fallujah while his motorcade passed through Amman (Jordan) to Baghdad. The two men had 25 and 38 years and were traveling in a car behind the train, getting the most from enemy fire after passing the ambush. The armored Mercedes was hit and stopped by RPGs. In a statement later, the attackers apologized for having confused the German by an American convoy. One body remains missing.
- 2007:Three suspected terrorists were apprehended on Tuesday, September 4, 2007, for planning bomb attacks on major targets in Germany. The bombs would have planned more power than the explosives used in terrorist attacks in Madrid and London. They wanted to build a bomb in southern Germany capable of killing as many as possible. Fritz Gelowicz, 29, Adem Yilmaz, also 29, and Daniel Schneider, 22, were accused of involvement in a terrorist organization, making preparations for a crime involving explosives and in the case of Schneider, attempted murder.
Organization[edit | edit source]
The GSG 9 is structured into the following units:
- Regular Operations: The first sub-group of the GSG 9 is used for regular ground actions against terrorism. This may involve cases of hostage taking, kidnapping, terrorism and extortion. The group can also be used to store secure locations, neutralize targets, sniping and tracking fugitives.
- Maritime Operations: The second subgroup of the GSG 9 is used for operations at sea, for example, hijacking of ships or oil platforms.
- Air Operations: The third sub-group of the GSG 9 is used for air operations, including parachutes and landing by helicopter.
- Technical Unit: This unit supports other units to enter the target area and is responsible for obtaining, analyzing and issuing of equipment other than weapons. Members of the unit are also technical experts in order to destroy explosives. They are trained to the handling and disposal of improvised explosive devices.
- Central Services: This service group maintains the GSG 9's arsenal and is involved in testing, repairing and purchasing weapons, ammunition and explosives.
- Documentation Unit: This unit handles communications, including testing, repair and purchase of communications equipment and surveillance.
- Operations Team: Controls the adiministração the GSG 9.
- Training Unit: This unit trains existing members, and selects, recruits and trains new members.
Training[edit | edit source]
Members of Bundespolizei and other services of the German police with two years service can join the GSG 9. The training period of 22 weeks includes thirteen weeks of basic training and nine weeks of advanced training. In addition to medical examinations, there are many physical and psychological requirements, for example, running 5000 meters in 23 minutes and jumping a distance of at least 4.75 meters (also rule for the Deutsches Sportabzeichen). The identity of GSG 9 members is classified as secret. The improvement often involves cooperation with other units counter-terrorist allies. Only one in five pass the training course.
Units GSG9 train with and are compared too the unit[edit | edit source]
Gsg9 are known to train with different units from around the world an the units that are known to train with the gsg9 include
• AUSTRALIAN - SRG
• FRENCH - GIGN
• BRITISH - CTSFO
• US - FBI HRT
• AUSTRIAN - EKO COBRA
• CZECH - URNA
Equipment[edit | edit source]
- Submachine Heckler & Koch MP5 in various versions / configurations
- Heckler & Koch MP7
- Assault Rifles Heckler & Koch G36, G36K and G36C
- Rifle Heckler & Koch HK416
- Rifle Heckler & Koch HK417
- Automatic rifle G8
- Sniper Rifle AMP DSR-1 Technical Services
- Assault Rifle SIG Sauer SG 550
- Assault Rifle Steyr AUG A3
- Pistol Glock 17
- Heckler & Koch HK USP.45 (called P12)
- Revolvers Smith & Wesson and Ruger .357 Magnum
- Several rifles
- Grenade launcher Heckler Koch MZP-1
- Anti-tank weapon MBB Armbrust
- GSG 9 Tactical Boot designed specifically for the GSG 9 Adidas
See also[edit | edit source]
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