Gene Raymond, ca. 1945
August 13, 1908
New York City, New York, U.S.
May 3, 1998 (aged 89)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Jeanette MacDonald (1937-1965) (her death)|
Nel Bentley Hees (1974-1995) (her death)
Gene Raymond (August 13, 1908 – May 3, 1998) was an American film, television, and stage actor of the 1930s and 1940s. In addition to acting, Raymond was also a composer, writer, director, producer, and decorated military pilot.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Raymond was born Raymond Guion on August 13, 1908 in New York City. He attended the Professional Children's School while appearing in productions like Rip Van Winkle and Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. His Broadway debut, at age 17, was in The Cradle Snatchers which ran two years. (The cast included Mary Boland, Edna May Oliver, and a young Humphrey Bogart.)
Film career[edit | edit source]
His screen debut was in Personal Maid (1931). Another early appearance was in the multi-director If I Had a Million with W. C. Fields and Charles Laughton. With his blond good looks, classic profile, and youthful exuberance — plus a name change to the more pronounceable "Gene Raymond" — he scored in films like the classic Zoo in Budapest with Loretta Young, and a series of light RKO musicals, mostly with Ann Sothern. He wrote a number of songs, including the popular "Will You?" which he sang to Sothern in Smartest Girl In Town (1936). His wife, Jeanette MacDonald, sang several of his more classical pieces in her concerts and recorded one entitled "Let Me Always Sing".
His most notable films, mostly as a second lead actor, include Red Dust (1932) with Jean Harlow and Clark Gable, Zoo in Budapest (1933) with Loretta Young, Ex-Lady (1933) with Bette Davis, Flying Down to Rio (1933) with Dolores del Río, Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, I Am Suzanne (1934) with Lilian Harvey, Sadie McKee (1934) with Joan Crawford, Alfred Hitchcock's Mr. and Mrs. Smith (1941) with Carole Lombard and Robert Montgomery, and The Locket (1946) with Laraine Day, Brian Aherne, and Robert Mitchum. MacDonald and Raymond made one film together, Smilin' Through, which came out as the U.S. was on the verge of entering World War II.
After service in the United States Army Air Forces Raymond returned to Hollywood. He wrote, directed and starred in the 1949 film Million Dollar Weekend. In later years he appeared in only a few films. His last major film was The Best Man in 1964 with Henry Fonda and Cliff Robertson.
In the 1950s he mostly worked in television, appearing in Playhouse of Stars, Fireside Theatre, Hollywood Summer Theater and TV Reader's Digest. In the 1970s he appeared on ABC Television Network's Paris 7000 and had guest roles in The Outer Limits, Robert Montgomery Presents, Playhouse 90, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., Ironside, The Defenders, Mannix, The Name of the Game, Lux Video Theatre, Kraft Television Theatre and U.S. Steel Hour.
Military service[edit | edit source]
Following the beginning of war in Europe in 1939, Raymond felt certain the U.S. would eventually enter the war. He trained as a pilot for that eventuality, and after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the Army Air Forces. He served as an observer aboard B-17 anti-submarine flights along the Atlantic coast before attending intelligence school and shipping out to England in July 1942. He served with the 97th Bomb Group before taking over as assistant operations officer in the VIII Bomber Command. He was transferred back to the U.S. in 1943 and piloted a variety of aircraft, both bombers and fighters, in stateside duties. He remained in the United States Air Force Reserve following the war, retiring in 1968 as a colonel.
Death[edit | edit source]
On May 3, 1998, at 89 years of age, Raymond died of pneumonia in Los Angeles, California.
For his contributions to the motion picture and television industries, Gene Raymond has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 7001 Hollywood Boulevard (motion pictures) and 1708 Vine Street (television).
Personal life[edit | edit source]
Raymond married Jeanette MacDonald in 1937. They remained together until her death in 1965. MacDonald died on January 14 with her husband at her bedside. In 1974, he married Nel Bentley Hees, who died in 1995. He was a Republican.
Bisexuality[edit | edit source]
A 2001 biography of Nelson Eddy and MacDonald, Sweethearts by Sharon Rich, states that Raymond had affairs with men during his marriage to MacDonald. The book has documentation showing that Raymond was arrested three times for having sex with other men. This includes a photo of Raymond's arrest sheet in January 1938; a US Army nurse is named and quoted concerning his second arrest; and a retired Scotland Yard detective named Joe Sampson confirms the third arrest, which occurred in England during World War II.
The book also claims that Louis B. Mayer engineered the 1937 marriage of MacDonald to Raymond—even though Mayer knew Raymond was bisexual—to prevent MacDonald from marrying Nelson Eddy. Mayer was concerned that a MacDonald-Eddy marriage would end in divorce because of their temperaments. He was worried a break-up would destroy his lucrative box office team. Mayer was also unhappy with Eddy's desire for MacDonald to at least semi-retire so they could have children.
Shortly after their marriage, there were reports of physical abuse. When MacDonald appeared with facial bruises at a Hollywood party, Eddy went to Raymond's house and beat him senseless in his driveway, nearly killing him, an incident which was reported in the newspapers as Raymond suffering an accidental fall down a flight of stairs. In 1938, Raymond began sharing a house with a 19-year-old actor and was arrested on a morals charge after a vice raid on a homosexual nightclub, requiring MacDonald to bribe the authorities in order to obtain his release. Enraged, studio chief Mayer ordered MacDonald and Raymond to resume the appearance of a happily married couple, and, to demonstrate his power over their careers, he had Raymond blacklisted following his 1938 arrest. This is reflected in Raymond's cinematic roles. He made no film appearances between Stolen Heaven in 1938 and Cross-Country Romance in 1940. It would be a year later for his next role in Alfred Hitchcock's Mr. & Mrs. Smith. Prior to his arrest, he had averaged four films a year.
Filmography[edit | edit source]
- Personal Maid (1931)
- Ladies of the Big House (1931)
- Forgotten Commandments (1932)
- The Night of June 13 (1932)
- Red Dust (1932)
- If I Had a Million (1932)
- Zoo in Budapest (1933)
- Ex-Lady (1933)
- Ann Carver's Profession (1933)
- Brief Moment (1933)
- The House on 56th Street (1933)
- Flying Down to Rio (1933)
- I Am Suzanne (1933)
- Coming Out Party (1934)
- Sadie McKee (1934)
- Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934)
- Behold My Wife (1934)
- The Woman in Red (1935)
- Transient Lady (1935)
- Hooray for Love (1935)
- Seven Keys to Baldpate (1935)
- Love on a Bet (1936)
- The Bride Walks Out (1936)
- Walking on Air (1936)
- Smartest Girl in Town (1936)
- That Girl from Paris (1936)
- There Goes My Girl (1937)
- The Life of the Party (1937)
- She's Got Everything (1937)
- Stolen Heaven (1938)
- Cross-Country Romance (1940)
- Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941)
- Smilin' Through (1941)
- The Locket (1946)
- Assigned to Danger (1948)
- Sofia (1948)
- Million Dollar Weekend (1948) (also director and writer)
- Hit the Deck (1955)
- Plunder Road (1957)
- The Best Man (1964)
- I'd Rather Be Rich (1964)
- The Hanged Man (1964)
- Five Bloody Graves (1970) (voice only)
- Short films
- Hollywood on Parade No. B-8 (1934)
- Hollywood on Parade No. B-13 (1934)
- Screen Snapshots Series 14, No. 9 (1935)
- Screen Snapshots Series 15, No. 5 (1936)
- Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 1 (1938)
- Screen Snapshots: Hollywood in Uniform (1943)
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Galloway, Doug (May 6, 1998). "Gene Raymond dies at 89". Variety magazine. http://variety.com/1998/film/news/gene-raymond-dies-at-89-1117470478/.
- "Television Features War Story". Tucson Daily Citizen. May 29, 1953. p. 16. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/2087616/raymond_playhouse_of_stars/. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- Oliver, Myrna (May 6, 1998). "Gene Raymond, 89; Actor Wed Jeanette MacDonald". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1998/may/06/news/mn-46946.
- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force website, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. https://web.archive.org/web/20121017051251/http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=1658. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
- Gene Raymond Biography (1908-1998) at FilmReference.com
- Walk of Fame Stars - Gene Raymond
- Rich, Sharon (1994). Sweethearts. Donald Fine. p. 448. ISBN 1-55611-407-9.
- Rich 1994, p. 303
- Fleming, E.J. (2004). The Fixers: Eddie Mannix, Howard Strickling and the MGM Publicity Machine. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 180. ISBN 0786420278. https://books.google.com/books?id=f0usSUISUUMC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- "Jeanette MacDonald | Nelson Eddy Biography – Part 3". http://maceddy.com/biography/biography-3/. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Daly, Maury (1995). Gene Raymond: Renaissance Man. Classic Images.
- Eyman, Scott (2008). Lion of Hollywood: The Life and Legend of Louis B. Mayer. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439107911.
- Baron Turk, Edward (1998). Hollywood Diva: A Biography of Jeanette MacDonald. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520924574.
[edit | edit source]
- Gene Raymond at the Internet Movie Database
- Gene Raymond at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gene Raymond at Find a Grave
- Gene Raymond at Virtual History
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