The MQ-1 Predator is an American UCAV (Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles). The MQ-1 Predator was crated in 1995 but his existence only was confirmed in 2004.
Description[edit | edit source]
The Predator-A is the first of a family of unmanned aerial vehicles manufactured in the USA with a capacity to transport weapons or sensors for surveillance. Initially he was known by the acronym RQ-1 (R for reconnaissance). Although it has come into use in 1996, the Predator-A was only officially declared operational in 2004.
Designed with two points on the wings where they carry weapons, he was thought to be able to attack ground targets using Hellfire missiles of the type which can either used. The against armored targets and against buildings. The operating range of operational aircraft is approximately 700 km away it can stay aloft for a long time and can travel a distance of up to 8500 km .
Variants[edit | edit source]
- Predator-A: the base version that entered service in 1996.
- Sky Warrior, a newer version of the Predator -A greater capacity to transport weapons. This version aims to be able to produce a UAV with the latest technology but at a lower price.
- Predator-B/Reaper It is characterized by a different configuration of Helms and larger.
- Predator B/Mariner : A version of the Predator B adapted for naval use
- Predator B /Altair : Version of scientific research, based on the Predator B
- Predator C / Avenger
Present study is in the Predator-C, which should have a turbine engine instead of the propeller. Expected to have even more capacity to carry weapons and greater autonomy.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- United Kingdom
- Turkish Air Force: The Turkish Air Force has on order 6 MQ-1 Predators via the USA's Foreign Military Sales mechanism.
- United States
- United States Air Force Air Combat Command
- 432d Air Expeditionary Wing — Creech Air Force Base, Nevada
- 49th Fighter Wing – Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico
- 53d Wing — Eglin Air Force Base, Florida
- 556th Test and Evaluation Squadron — Creech Air Force Base, Nevada
- Air Force Special Operations Command
- Air National Guard
- Air Force Reserve Command
- Central Intelligence Agency
- U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Specifications[edit | edit source]
General Characteristics[edit | edit source]
- Crew: none on-board
- Length: 27 ft (8.22 m)
- Wingspan: 48.7 ft (14.8 m (dependent on block of aircraft))
- Height: 6.9 ft (2.1 m)
- Wing area: 123.3 sq ft (11.5 m²)
- Empty weight: 1,130 lb (512 kg)
- Loaded weight: 2,250 lb (1,020 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 2,250 lb (1,020 kg)
- Powerplant: 1× Rotax 914F turbocharged Four-cylinder engine, 115 hp (86 kW)
Performance[edit | edit source]
- Maximum speed: 135 mph (117 knots, 217 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 81–103 mph (70–90 knots, 130–165 km/h)
- Stall speed: 62 mph (54 knots (dependent on weight of aircraft), 100 km/h)
- Range: >2,000 nm (3,704 km, 2,302 miles (3,705 km))
- Endurance: 24 hours
- Service ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,620 m)
Armament[edit | edit source]
2x hardpoints in each wing
- 2 × AGM-114 Hellfire (MQ-1B)
- AIM-92 Stinger (unknown number) (MQ-1B)
- Griffin air-to-surface missiles
Avionics[edit | edit source]
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