|Allegiance||Swedish Armed Forces|
|Role||Operational, territorial and tactical activities|
|Part of||Ministry of Land Defence|
|Branch insignia m/1906|
The General Staff (Swedish language: Generalstaben , Gst) was a Swedish government agency established in 1873 and was active until 1937.
History[edit | edit source]
The General Staff was established in 1873 (SFS 1873:87). Its tasks was to contribute to the military science education in the army, train their officers and deliver them to the service of other agencies, study militarism abroad, elaborate plans for the army's mobilization and its concentration on different battlefields, write the country's military history and nurture its military historical archives, perform the country's military mapping and its study and description in military terms (whereby the Topographical Corps was merged with the General Staff).
The General Staff was initially organized with a chief with a head office and four departments: the Communications Department (1873-1937), Military Statistics Department (1873-1908), Military History Department (1873-1937) with the Military Archives and Topographical Department (1873-1937).
The task to handle the nations military mapping was transferred to the Geographical Survey Office of Sweden (Rikets allmänna kartverk) in 1894. The Military Statistics Department was divided in 1908 into three: the Central Department, Organization Department and the International Department. In 1912 the Communications Department was divided. One part retained the old name, and devoted themselves to the actual transportation policy. The other was called the Technical Department and devoted themselves to the telegraph, telephone, balloons, airplanes, cars and more.
The Technical Department dissolved on 17 December 1931 and was replaced by the Education Department, which also dealt with questions about regulations and instructions relating to the education. The General Staff ceased to exist on 1 July 1937 and its duties were taken over firstly by the Defence Staff and the Army Staff.
Chiefs of the General Staff[edit | edit source]
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|№||Chief of the General Staff||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Defence branch||Monarch||Ref|
|1||Hugo RaabColonel |
|5 December 1873||1881||7–8 years|
|2||Axel RydingMajor general |
|9 February 1882||1885||2–3 years|
|-||Axel Rappe (Acting)Colonel |
|14 July 1882||1885||2–3 years|
|3||Axel RappeMajor general |
|30 December 1885||1905||19–20 years|
|-||Ernst von der Lancken (Acting)Colonel |
|25 June 1892||4 October 1895||3 years, 101 days|
|-||Casten Warberg (Acting)Colonel |
|-||Knut Gillis Bildt (Acting)Colonel |
|3 February 1899||9 December 1899||309 days|
|-||Knut Gillis Bildt (Acting)Major general |
|25 September 1905||3 November 1905||39 days|
|4||Knut Gillis BildtMajor general |
|3 November 1905||1919||13–14 years|
|5||Lars TingstenLieutenant general |
|6||Carl Gustaf HammarskjöldMajor general |
|14 June 1922||1930||7–8 years|
|7||Bo BoustedtMajor general |
|1930||28 August 1933||2–3 years|
|8||Oscar NygrenLieutenant general |
|29 August 1933||30 June 1937||3 years, 305 days|
References[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to General Staff.|
- "Generalstaben (1873 – 1937)" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/?postid=ArkisRef+SE%2fKrA%2f1667&type=2&s=TARKIS08_Balder.
- "Schering Rosenhanes palats på Riddarholmen" (in Swedish). National Property Board of Sweden. http://www.sfv.se/sv/fastigheter/sverige/stockholms-lan-ab/riddarholmen/schering-rosenhanes-palats-pa-riddarholmen/.
- Ericson, Lars (1995–1997). "C F Hugo Raab" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 29. National Archives of Sweden. p. 591. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=7477.
- Nevéus, Torgny (2000–2002). "K Axel Ryding" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 31. National Archives of Sweden. p. 104. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=6281.
- Åselius, Gunnar (1995–1997). "Axel E Rappe" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 29. National Archives of Sweden. p. 687. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=7546.
- Bertil, Broomé (1977–1979). "Ernst F Lancken, von der" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 22. National Archives of Sweden. p. 224. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=10974.
- Boëthius, B. (1924). "Knut Gillis Bildt" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 4. National Archives of Sweden. p. 336. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=18209.
- Hildebrand, Bengt (1969–1971). "Carl Gustaf V Hammarskjöld" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 18. National Archives of Sweden. p. 187. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=12544.
- Kjellberg, H. E., ed (1934) (in sv). Svenska Dagbladets årsbok ELFTE ÅRGÅNGEN (Händelserna 1933). Stockholm: Svenska Dagbladet. p. 40. http://runeberg.org/svda/1933/0040.html.
- Cronenberg, Arvid (1990–1991). "Oscar E Nygren" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 27. National Archives of Sweden. p. 704. http://sok.riksarkivet.se/sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=8472.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- (in sv) Generalstaben 1873-1923: en minnesskrift. Stockholm: Norstedt. 1923. 577741.