Generalissimus of the Soviet Union was a proposed military rank created on June 27, 1945, following the tradition of the Imperial Russian Army. It was granted to Joseph Stalin following World War II; however, Stalin refused to officially approve the rank. It would have been the highest military rank in the Soviet Union.
Overview[edit | edit source]
This military rank was specificially created for Joseph Stalin. However, according to Stalin biographer Robert Service, Stalin regretted allowing himself the ostentatious military title, and asked Winston Churchill to continue to refer to him as a marshal instead. Stalin also rejected any kind of distinctions between his military rank and the other Soviet marshals, and kept using the original Marshal of the Soviet Union insignia and uniform like the other Soviet Marshals.
The matter about Generalissimus of the Soviet Union was mentioned again after the war, when a draft of a decree about the Soviet military ranks was presented to Stalin. Then, Lieutenant Khruliev – director of the General Department of Logistics – was given the task to design the uniform of the Soviet Generalissimus for Stalin to use in the victory parade on 9 May 1947. The uniform was finished and presented to Stalin one week before the parade.
However, after examining it, Stalin again expressed dissatisfaction. Then he took hold of the decree about the Generalissimus rank and declared: "I will never sign this decree. The Soviet Red Army only has Marshal as its highest rank". Thus, the subject of new rank would never be raised again.
The insignia for the North Korean rank of Dae Wonsu is heavily influenced by the Generalissimus insignia designed for, but never actually used by, Stalin. An equivalent rank with similar insignia, Da Yuan Shuai, was also considered, probably for Mao Zedong, in the, early years of the People's Republic of China, but was never conferred.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Military ranks of the Soviet Union
- List of Soviet Marshals
- List of Russian Field Marshals
References[edit | edit source]
- Service, Robert (2005). Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. p. 548. ISBN 978-0-674-01697-2.
- S. M. Shtemenko. The General Staff in the War Years. Moskva. 1985. Vietnamese version (vol. 2) . pp. 587-588.
- S. M. Shtemenko. The General Staff in the War Years. Moskva 1985. Vietnamese version (vol. 2) . pp. 587-588.
[edit | edit source]
- Generalissimus of the Soviet Union (Russian)
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