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George Claghorn (July 17, 1748 [O.S. July 6, 1748][1][Note 1][Note 2] – February 3, 1824), was an American patriot who served in the War of the American Revolution.[2] After the war, he was awarded the rank of colonel in the Massachusetts militia. Claghorn was the master builder of the USS Constitution, a.k.a. "Old Ironsides", in 1794 – 1797. The Constitution is the oldest naval vessel in the world that is still commissioned, afloat and seaworthy.[Note 3][2]

Early lifeEdit

Military careerEdit

Claghorn served in the Massachusetts militia during the American revolution. He was shot, wounded in the knee, at the battle of Bunker Hill. After the war, Claghorn was promoted to the rank of colonel in the militia.[2][4]

The ConstitutionEdit

Constitution. Sail plan - NARA

Sailplan of Old Ironsides

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Contemporary records, which used the Julian calendar and the Annunciation Style of enumerating years, recorded his birth as July 6, 1748. The provisions of the British Calendar (New Style) Act 1750, implemented in 1752, altered the official British dating method to the Gregorian calendar with the start of the year on January 1 (it had been March 25). These changes resulted in dates being moved forward 11 days, and for those between January 1 and March 25, an advance of one year. For a further explanation, see: Old Style and New Style dates.
  2. Engber, Daniel (January 18, 2006). "What's Benjamin Franklin's Birthday?". http://www.slate.com/id/2134455/. Retrieved May 21, 2011.  (Both Franklin's and Claghorn's confusing birth dates are clearly explained.)
  3. HMS Victory is the oldest commissioned vessel by three decades; however, Victory has been in dry dock since 1922.[3]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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