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His Grace

The Duke of Marlborough

DL
George Charles Spencer-Churchill00.jpg
The Duke of Marlborough, 1876.
Personal details
Born 13 May 1844
Died 9 November 1892
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Albertha Hamilton
Lillian Warren Price

George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough DL (13 May 1844 – 9 November 1892), styled Earl of Sunderland until 1857 and Marquess of Blandford between 1857 and 1883, was a British peer.

Background and educationEdit

Marlborough was the eldest son of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane, daughter of Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. He was the elder brother of Lord Randolph Churchill and the uncle of Winston Churchill. He was educated at Eton between 1857 and 1860 and later joined the army, gaining the rank of Lieutenant in 1863 in the service of the Royal Horse Guards.[1] He was initiated into the rite of Freemasonry in January 1871 along with his brother Randolph, in the Churchill Lodge in London.[2][3]

FamilyEdit

Marlborough married firstly, Lady Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, on 8 November 1869 at Westminster Palace. She was unkindly described by her mother-in-law as "stupid, pious and dull". They were divorced on 20 November 1883, shortly after Marlborough inherited the dukedom after the death of his father.[1] Though the new duchess was technically Albertha, Duchess of Marlborough after their divorce, she preferred to use the title she used throughout most of the couple's married life and was known as Albertha, Marchioness of Blandford.[citation needed] They had four children:

While married to Albertha, he fathered an illegitimate son, later known as Guy Bertrand (b. 4 November 1881),[4] by Edith Peers-Williams (d. 1897)[5][6] who was still married to Heneage Finch, 7th Earl of Aylesford (1849–1885). In an attempt to pressure Lord Aylesford to drop his divorce suit, Lady Aylesford and the Marlborough's younger brother, Lord Randolph Churchill, threatened the Princess of Wales that they would subpoena the Prince of Wales as a witness in the divorce.[7]

The duke was cited as one of four co-respondents in the sensational divorce trial of Lady Colin Campbell.[citation needed] He married, as his second wife, (Jane) Lilian Warren Price (1854-1909), the widow of Louis Carré Hamersley, a New York real-estate millionaire, and a daughter of retired United States Navy Commodore Cicero Price. The civil marriage took place on 29 June 1888 at New York City Hall, with the ceremony officiated by the Mayor of New York City, Abram S. Hewitt. A religious ceremony followed the same day, in the chancel of Tabernacle Baptist Church and presided over by its minister, Dr. Daniel C. Potter.[8] There were no issue from this marriage.

The 8th Duke of Marlborough died in 1892, aged 48 at Blenheim Palace, and was succeeded by his only legitimate son, Charles, Marquess of Blandford.[1]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Notable Freemasons

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lundy, Darryl. "p. 10595 § 105941 George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough". The Peerage. http://www.thepeerage.com/p10595.htm#i105941. [unreliable source]
  2. Churchill, Lord Randolph. "Churchill Freemason". Churchills who were Freemasons. freemasons-freemasonry/com. http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/beresiner7.html. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  3. Churchill, Randolph. "Masonic Papers". The Development of the Craft in England. freemasons-freemasonary.com. http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/freemasonry_england.html. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  4. Lundy, Darryl. "p. 5658 § 56577 Guy Bertrand". The Peerage. http://www.thepeerage.com/p5658.htm#i56577. [unreliable source]
  5. Lundy, Darryl. "p. 2731 § 27301 Edith Peers-Williams". The Peerage. http://www.thepeerage.com/p2731.htm#i27301. [unreliable source]
  6. Mary S. Lovell, "The Churchills: In Love and War", W. W. Norton & Company, May 9, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
  7. Richard Toye (2007) Lloyd George and Churchill
  8. "An American Duchess; The Duke of Marlborough Marries Mrs. Hamersley; A Civil Marriage Ceremony before Mayor Hewitt and a Religious Ceremony in Church", The New York Times, 30 June 1888, page 1

External linksEdit

Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Spencer-Churchill
Duke of Marlborough
1883–1892
Succeeded by
Charles Spencer-Churchill

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