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George Stevens
Born (1904-12-18)December 18, 1904
Oakland, California, United States
Died March 8, 1975(1975-03-08) (aged 70)
Lancaster, California, United States
Cause of death Heart attack
Occupation director, cinematographer, actor, writer, producer
Years active 1915–1970
Spouse(s) Yvonne Howell (1930–1947)
Joan McTavish (1968–1975)
Children George Stevens, Jr.
Awards

Academy Award for Best Director

  • nominated in 1943 for The More the Merrier
  • awarded in 1951 for A Place in the Sun
  • nominated in 1954 for Shane
  • awarded in 1956 for Giant
  • nominated in 1959 for The Diary of Anne Frank

Legion of Merit
star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (1954)
National Board of Review Award for Best Director

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director

George Stevens (December 18, 1904 – March 8, 1975) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter and cinematographer.[1]

Among his most notable films are A Place in the Sun (1951; winner of six Academy Awards including Best Director), Shane (1953; Oscar nominated), Giant (1956; Oscar for Best Director), and Diary of Anne Frank (1959; nominated for Best Director).

BiographyEdit

Film careerEdit

He was born in Oakland, California, and his family included his father Landers Stevens and his mother Georgie Cooper, both stage actors. His uncle was drama critic Ashton Stevens. He also had two brothers, Jack and writer Aston Stevens. He learned about the stage from his parents and worked and toured with them, on his way to filmmaking. He broke into the movie business as a cameraman, working on many Laurel and Hardy short films, such as Night Owls (1930). His first feature film was The Cohens and Kellys in Trouble in 1933.

In 1934 he got his first directing job, the slapstick Kentucky Kernels. His big break came when he directed Katharine Hepburn in Alice Adams in 1935. He went on in the late 1930s to direct several Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire movies, not only with the two actors together, but on their own. In 1940, he directed Carole Lombard in Vigil in the Night, and the film has an alternate ending for European audiences in recognition of World War II, which the US had not yet entered.

During World War II, Stevens joined the U.S. Army Signal Corps and headed a film unit from 1943 to 1946, under General Eisenhower. His unit shot footage documenting D-Day—including the only Allied European Front color film of the war—the liberation of Paris and the meeting of American and Soviet forces at the Elbe River, as well as horrific scenes from the Duben labor camp and the Dachau concentration camp. Stevens also helped prepare the Duben and Dachau footage and other material for presentation during the Nuremberg Trials.[2] In 2008, his footage was entered into the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as an "essential visual record" of World War II.[3]

One result of his World War II experiences was that his subsequent films became more dramatic. I Remember Mama in 1948 was the last movie that he made with comic scenes. He was responsible for such classic films as A Place in the Sun, Shane, The Diary of Anne Frank, Giant and The Greatest Story Ever Told. He ended his directing career with the 1970 film The Only Game in Town with Warren Beatty and Elizabeth Taylor. In the same year, he was head of the jury at the 20th Berlin International Film Festival.[4] In 1973 he was a member of the jury at the 8th Moscow International Film Festival.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Stevens was the father of television and film writer-producer-director George Stevens, Jr., the first CEO and director of the American Film Institute, He produced and directed the documentary George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey in 1984 and is the father of Stevens' grandson Michael Stevens, also a television and film producer-director.

DeathEdit

Stevens died following a heart attack on March 8, 1975 on his ranch in Lancaster, California, north of Los Angeles.

AwardsEdit

As a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army, Stevens headed the U.S. Army Signal Corps unit that filmed the Normandy landings and the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp. For these contributions, he was awarded the Legion of Merit.

Stevens has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1701 Vine Street. He won the Academy Award for Best Director twice, in 1951 for A Place in the Sun and in 1956 for Giant. He was also nominated in 1943 for The More the Merrier, in 1954 for Shane, and in 1959 for The Diary of Anne Frank.

FilmographyEdit

YearTitleProduction Co.CastNotes
1930Ladies LastHal Roach Studios3rd episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931Blood and ThunderHal Roach Studios4th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931High GearHal Roach Studios5th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931Air-TightHal Roach Studios7th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931Call a Cop!Hal Roach Studios8th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931Mama Loves PapaHal Roach Studios9th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931The Kick-Off!Hal Roach Studios10th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1932Who, Me?UniversalShort film
1932The Finishing TouchUniversalShort film
1932Boys Will Be BoysUniversalShort film
1933A Divorce CourtshipUniversalShort film
1933Family TroublesUniversalShort film
1933Rock-a-Bye CowboyUniversalShort film
1933Should Crooners MarryUniversalShort film
1933The Cohens and Kellys in TroubleUniversalGeorge Sidney/ Charles MurrayPart of "The Cohens and Kellys" comedy series
1933Room MatesUniversalShort film
1933Quiet Please!RKOShort film
1933Flirting in the ParkRKOJune Brewster/ Carol TevisPart of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1933What FurRKOShort film
1933Grin and Bear ItRKOShort film
1934Ocean SwellsRKOShort film
1934The Undie-WorldRKOJune Brewster/ Carol TevisPart of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1934Cracked ShotsRKOShort film
1934Hollywood PartyMGMHollywood RevueIn an attempt to salvage the film Harry Rapf hired Stevens, and 8 other directors, to direct a sequence for the film.
1934Bachelor BaitRKOStuart Erwin/ Rochelle Hudson
1934Kentucky KernelsRKORobert Woolsey/ Bert Wheeler/ George McFarland
1935Bridal BailRKOJune Brewster/ Carol TevisPart of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1935Hunger PainsRKOJune Brewster/ Carol TevisPart of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1935LaddieRKO
1935The NitwitsRKORobert Woolsey/ Bert Wheeler/ Betty Grable
1935Alice AdamsRKOKatharine Hepburn/ Fred MacMurray
1935Annie OakleyRKOBarbara Stanwyck
1936Swing TimeRKOFred Astaire/ Ginger Rogers
1937Quality StreetRKOKatharine Hepburn/ Franchot Tone
1937A Damsel in DistressRKOFred Astaire/ Joan Fontaine/ George Burns/ Gracie Allen
1938Vivacious LadyRKOGinger Rogers/ Jimmy Stewart
1939Gunga DinRKOCary Grant/ Douglas Fairbanks Jr./ Victor McLaglen/ Joan Fontaine
1940Vigil in the NightRKOCarole Lombard/ Brian Aherne/ Anne Shirley
1941Penny SerenadeColumbiaCary Grant/ Irene Dunne
1942Woman of the YearMGMSpencer Tracy/ Katharine Hepburn
1942The Talk of the TownColumbiaCary Grant/ Jean Arthur/ Ronald Colman
1943The More the MerrierColumbiaJean Arthur/ Charles Coburn/ Joel McCrea
1945That Justice Be DoneWar Activities CommitteeDocumentary/ Short film
1945Nazi Concentration CampsDocumentary
1945The Nazi PlanU.S. Council for the Prosecution of Axis CriminalityDocumentary
1948On Our Merry WayMiracle ProductionsAnthology story/ Co-directed a sequence
1948I Remember MamaRKOIrene Dunne
1951A Place in the SunParamountMontgomery Clift/ Elizabeth Taylor/ Shelley Winters
1952Something to Live ForMGMJoan Fontaine/ Ray Milland/
1953ShaneParamountAlan LaddTechnicolor film
1956GiantWarner Bros.Elizabeth Taylor/ Rock Hudson/ James DeanWarnercolor film
1959The Diary of Anne Frank20th Century FoxMillie Perkins/ Joseph Schildkraut/ Shelley Winters
1965The Greatest Story Ever ToldGeorge Stevens Prod.Max von SydowUltra Panavision 70 Technicolor film
1970The Only Game in Town20th Century FoxElizabeth Taylor/ Warren BeattyColor film

Academy AwardsEdit

YearAward Film Result
1942 Outstanding Motion Picture The Talk of the Town Sidney Franklin – Mrs. Miniver
1943 Outstanding Motion Picture The More the Merrier Hal B. WallisCasablanca
Best Director Michael CurtizCasablanca
1951 Best Motion Picture A Place in the Sun Arthur FreedAn American in Paris
Best Director Won
1953 Best Motion Picture Shane Buddy AdlerFrom Here to Eternity
Best Director Fred ZinnemannFrom Here to Eternity
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award Won
1956 Best Motion Picture Giant Mike ToddAround the World in 80 Days
Best Director Won
1959 Best Motion Picture The Diary of Anne Frank Sam ZimbalistBen-Hur (Posthumous)
Best Director William WylerBen-Hur

Directed Academy Award performancesEdit

Year Performer Film Result
Academy Award for Best Actor
1941 Cary Grant Penny Serenade Nominated
1951 Montgomery Clift A Place in the Sun Nominated
1956 James Dean Giant Nominated
1956 Rock Hudson Giant Nominated
Academy Award for Best Actress
1935 Katharine Hepburn Alice Adams Nominated
1942 Katharine Hepburn Woman of the Year Nominated
1943 Jean Arthur The More the Merrier Nominated
1948 Irene Dunne I Remember Mama Nominated
1951 Shelley Winters A Place in the Sun Nominated
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1943 Charles Coburn The More the Merrier Won
1948 Oskar Homolka I Remember Mama Nominated
1953 Brandon deWilde Shane Nominated
1953 Jack Palance Shane Nominated
1959 Ed Wynn The Diary of Anne Frank Nominated
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1948 Barbara Bel Geddes I Remember Mama Nominated
1948 Ellen Corby I Remember Mama Nominated
1956 Mercedes McCambridge Giant Nominated
1959 Shelley Winters The Diary of Anne Frank Won

Academy Awards in George Stevens FilmsEdit

Year Film Academy Award
Nominations
Academy Award
Wins
1935 Alice Adams
2
<center>0
1936 Swing Time <center>2 <center>1
1937 Quality Street <center>1 <center>0
A Damsel in Distress <center>2 <center>1
1938 Vivacious Lady <center>2 <center>0
1939 Gunga Din <center>1 <center>0
1941 Penny Serenade <center>1 <center>0
1942 Woman of the Year <center>2 <center>1
The Talk of the Town <center>7 <center>0
1943 The More the Merrier <center>6 <center>1
1948 I Remember Mama <center>5 <center>0
1951 A Place in the Sun <center>9 <center>6
1953 Shane <center>6 <center>1
1956 Giant <center>10 <center>1
1959 The Diary of Anne Frank <center>8 <center>3
1965 The Greatest Story Ever Told <center>5 <center>0

NotesEdit

  1. Obituary Variety, March 12, 1975, page 79.
  2. Robert E. Conot, Justice at Nuremberg, page 197
  3. Library of Congress "Cinematic Classics, Legendary Stars, Comedic Legends and Novice Filmmakers Showcase the 2008 Film Registry" News from the Library of Congress (30 December 2008)
  4. "Berlinale 1970: Juries". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1970/04_jury_1970/04_Jury_1970.html. Retrieved 2010-03-08. 
  5. "8th Moscow International Film Festival (1973)". MIFF. http://www.moscowfilmfestival.ru/miff34/eng/archives/?year=1973. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 

BibliographyEdit

  • Cronin, Paul: George Stevens: Interviews. Jackson, MI, University Press of Mississippi, 2004. ISBN 1-57806-639-5
  • Moss, Marilyn Ann: Giant: George Stevens, a Life on Film. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. ISBN 0-299-20430-8
  • Petri, Bruce: A Theory of American Film: The Films and Techniques of George Stevens. New York, Taylor & Francis, 1987. ISBN 0-8240-0070-6
  • Richie, Donald: George Stevens: An American Romantic. New York, Taylor & Francis, 1984 (reprint of 1970 original). ISBN 0-8240-5773-2

External linksEdit

Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
George Seaton
President of Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences
1958–1959
Succeeded by
B. B. Kahane

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