Georgy Lvovich Brusilov (Russian: Гео́ргий Льво́вич Бруси́лов; Ukrainian language: Георгій Львович Брусилів ) or Hryhoriy Brusylov (May 19, 1884 in Nikolayev, Russian Empire (today Mykolaiv, Ukraine) – 1914?) was a Ukrainian Russian naval officer of the Imperial Russian Navy and an Arctic explorer. His father, Lev Brusilov, was also a naval officer.
In 1912 Brusilov led a maritime expedition which aimed to explore and map a route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific via a northeast passage, also called the Northern Sea Route. His expedition disappeared almost without a trace, and despite searches its ultimate fate was unknown until 2010.
Arctic expeditions[edit | edit source]
In 1910–1911, Georgy Brusilov participated in a hydrographic expedition on icebreakers Taymyr and Vaygach, visiting the Chukchi Sea and East Siberian Sea. In 1912, Brusilov led the Brusilov Expedition on the brig St. Anna, which aimed to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific by the Northern Sea Route. One of the members of the expedition was a 22-year-old nurse, Yerminia Zhdanko, daughter of a general who had been a hero in the Russo-Japanese War. She was the second Russian woman to go to the Arctic. By mid-September, Captain Brusilov's expedition reached the Kara Sea through the Yugorsky Shar Strait, but soon became icebound near the western shores of the Yamal Peninsula and was drifting helplessly towards the north. Brusilov wintered in the hope of seeing his ship freed in the following year's thaw. However, the summer of 1913 came and the St. Anna remained locked in sea ice. It drifted far north with the pack ice, leaving the Kara Sea and entering the Arctic Ocean. Captain Brusilov became ill and was bedridden for months. Many members of the crew succumbed to scurvy.
In the spring of 1914, some of the St.Anna's crew, led by Brusilov's lieutenant, Valerian Albanov, abandoned the ship and tried to walk south over the drifting ice. The only two survivors – navigator Valerian Albanov and sailor Alexander Konrad – managed to reach Cape Flora in Franz Josef Land. There they were rescued by the expedition of Georgy Sedov on the ship St. Foka. The almost impossible task of searching for Brusilov (and geologist Vladimir Rusanov from another expedition), was entrusted to Otto Sverdrup with the ship Eklips in 1914–15. His efforts were unsuccessful and the fate of the Brusilov expedition was unknown until 2010.
In 2010, explorers announced that they had found the bones of a crew-member of Brusilov's expedition.
References[edit | edit source]
- Ilchenko, Oles (2000). "Ukrainian Globetrotters". http://www.wumag.kiev.ua/wumag_old/archiv/1_2000/fregat.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- Agence France Press. Scientist At Work: Russia Finds Last-Days Log of 1912 Arctic Expedition, New York Times, September 13, 2010.
- "New Clue To Russian Captain’s Mysterious Disappearance". Prime Time Russia. 28 July 2010. http://rt.com/prime-time/2010-07-28/russian-captain-disappearance-clue.html?fullstory. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "Russia Finds Last-Days Log Of Famed 1912 Arctic Expedition". AFP. Archived from the original on 2012-12-06. https://archive.is/6a4z.
- Valerian Albanov. "In the Land of White Death."
- William Barr. "Otto Sverdrup To The Rescue Of The Russian Imperial Navy".
- Ukrainian explorers
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