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Gepard-class frigate
Gepard 3.9.JPG
Frigate Ly Thai To under construction
Class overview
Name: Gepard class (Project 1166.1)
Operators:  Russian Navy
 Vietnamese People's Navy
Preceded by: Koni class frigate
Built: 1991–
Building: 2
Planned: 6
Completed: 4
Active: 4
General characteristics
Type: frigate
Displacement: 1,500 tons (standard)
1,930 tons (full load)
Length: 102.14 m (93.5 m waterline)
Beam: 13.09 m
Draught: 5.3 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODOG, 2 × gas turbines (29,300 shp each), 1 × Type 61D Diesel (8,000 bhp), 3 × 600 kW diesel alternator sets
Speed: 28 knots
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Endurance: 15 days
Complement: 98
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar:Navigation radar (unknown type), Cross Dome surface & air search radar, Pop Group SA-N-4 fire control radar, Bass Stand cruise missile target designator, Bass Tilt AK-630 fire-control
  • Sonar:Medium-frequency hull mounted, medium-frequency towed variable depth sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Electronic Warfare: 2 × Bell Shroud passive intercept, 2 × Bell Squat jammers, 4 × 16-barreled Pk-16 countermeasure rocket launchers

The Russian Gepard ("Cheetah") class frigates (Project 1166.1) were intended as successors to the earlier Koni, Grisha, and Parchim-class corvettes. The first unit of the class, Yastreb (Hawk), was laid down at the Zelenodol'sk Zavod shipyard at Tatarstan in 1991. She was launched in July 1993, after which she began fitting out; fitting was nearly completed by late 1995, when it was suspended due to lack of funds. Renamed Tatarstan, the ship was finally completed in July 2002, and became the flagship of the Caspian Flotilla. She has two sister ships, the Albatros (renamed Dagestan), and the Burevestnik (Storm Petrel), which was still under construction as of 2014. These vessels are capable of employing their weapons systems in conditions up to Sea State 5. The hull and superstructure are constructed primarily of steel, with some aluminum-magnesium being used in the upper superstructure. They are equipped with fin stabilizers and twin rudders, and can use either gas turbines or diesel for propulsion in a CODOG configuration.

Export models[]

The Gepard-class was designed from the outset as a lightweight, inexpensive export vessel. The Russians have offered five variants for foreign sale.

  • Gepard 1: Helicopter platform (no hangar), VDS deleted.
  • Gepard 2: Helicopter platform and hangar, VDS and SA-N-4 deleted.
  • Gepard 3: Increased beam of 13.8 m., displacement increased to 2,100 tons full load, single forward-placed Kortik CIWS in place of AK-630s, helicopter hangar above VDS housing.
  • Gepard 4: Unarmed version for search-and-rescue, though weapon mountings still in place.
  • Gepard 5: helicopter platform (no hangar), increased range to 6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) knots, reduced speed of 23 knots (43 km/h), gas turbines replaced with 2 8,000 bhp (6,000 kW) diesels.

The Vietnam People's Navy received in March and August 2011 two Gepard 3.9 class frigates ordered in 2006, built in Russia at Tatarstan's Gorky Shipbuilding Plant. As of 2015 Vietnam was examining a purchase of two more, possibly built in Vietnam under license.[1] [2] In late 2011 Vietnam signed a contract for an additional batch of two ships in an ASW version.[3][4]


Operator No. Name Project Builder Laid Down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
 Russian Navy 691 Tatarstan (ex Yastreb) 11661 Zelenodolsk Factory 1993 2.7.2001 31.8.2003 Caspian active
 Russian Navy 693 Dagestan (ex Albatros)[5] 11661K Zelenodolsk Factory 1994 01.04.2011[6] 28.11.2012[7] Caspian active
 Vietnamese People's Navy 011 HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang 11661E (Gepard 3.9) Zelenodolsk Factory 10.7.2007 12.12.2010 [8] 23.3.2011 [9][10] active
 Vietnamese People's Navy 012 HQ-012 Ly Thai To 11661E (Gepard 3.9) Zelenodolsk Factory 27.11.2007 16.3.2011 [11] 22.8.2011 [12] active
 Vietnamese People's Navy ? ? 11661E (Gepard 3.9) Zelenodolsk Factory 24.9.2013[13] ? ? Under construction
 Vietnamese People's Navy ? ? 11661E (Gepard 3.9) Zelenodolsk Factory 24.9.2013 ? ? Under construction


  1. John Pike (1920-01-20). "Gepard Class - Project 1166.1". Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  2. "Vietnam Receives Second Russian-Made Frigate". Defense News. 2011-08-22. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  3. 07.12.2011. "Vietnam Bought Second Batch of Russian Gepard-Class Frigates". Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  4. "Second Batch of Gepard Equipped with Sthil-1 Missile". July 11, 2013. 
  5. "Russia floats out new missile frigate for Caspian Sea". October 8, 2013. 
  6. 05.04.2011. "Missile ship Dagestan was launched in Zelenodolsk". Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  8. 14.12.2009 (2009-12-14). "Russian shipyard built frigate for Vietnam". Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  9. 26.10.2010 (2010-10-26). "Работы над фрегатами "Гепард" для Вьетнама близки к завершению". Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  10. "Russian Shipyard Built Frigate for Vietnam". December 18, 2009. 
  11. "Russia floats out second Gepard class frigate for Vietnam | Defense | RIA Novosti". 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  12. Tuoi Tre (2011-08-22). "Vietnam gets most modern patrol ship in region - Politics - TuoiTreNews". Retrieved 2011-12-28. 

External links[]

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