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Gerhard Rose

Gerhard Rose testifies in his own defense at the Doctors' Trial in Nuremberg in 1947

Gerhard August Heinrich Rose (November 30, 1896 in Danzig – January 13, 1992 in Obernkirchen) was a German expert on tropical medicine who was tried for war crimes at the end of World War II.

Rose was born in Danzig (then part of Germany, now Gdańsk Poland). He studied at the University of Breslau and the University of Berlin. After completing his studies he worked at the Robert Koch Institute and Heidelberg University. He worked in China from 1929 to 1936.

In 1939, Rose became a member of the Luftwaffe medical corps, where he became a brigadier general. During the war, he carried out experiments on the prisoners in the Dachau concentration camp and Buchenwald, in which he investigated malaria and typhus. He also carried out tests of malaria drugs on mentally ill Russian prisoners of war in a psychiatric clinic in Thuringia.[1] He attempted to obtain a research position in the United States, but was arrested at war's end.

During the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg, he was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Sentenced to life imprisonment, he later had his sentence reduced to twenty years. He was released from Landsberg Prison in 1955.

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