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German submarine U-1233
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-1233
Ordered: 14 October 1941
Builder: Deutsche Werft AG, Hamburg
Yard number: 396
Laid down: 29 April 1943
Launched: 23 December 1943
Commissioned: 22 March 1944
Fate: sunk 29 December 1945 in position 55°51′N 8°54′W / 55.85°N 8.9°W / 55.85; -8.9Coordinates: 55°51′N 8°54′W / 55.85°N 8.9°W / 55.85; -8.9
General characteristics [1]
Type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a
4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) surfaced
7.3 kn (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,850 nmi (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
63 nmi (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Identification codes: M 49 604
Commanders: K.Kapt. Hans-Joachim Kuhn
Oblt.z.S. Heinrich Niemeyer

German submarine U-1233 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

U-1233 was ordered in October 1941 from Deutsche Werft AG in Hamburg-Finkenwerder under the yard number 396. Her keel was laid down on 29 April 1943 and was launched on 23 December 1943. About three months later she was commissioned into service under the command of Korvettenkapitän Hans-Joachim Kuhn (Crew 31) in the 31st U-boat Flotilla.

After completing training and work-up for deployment U-1233 was transferred to the 33rd U-boat Flotilla for front-line service on 1 November 1944. The U-boat left Horten on 11 December 1944 for the first and only war patrol. After returning to Kiel, Kuhn was relieved as commander by Oberleutnant zur See Heinrich Niemeyer (Crew X/39) on 15 April 1945. In May 1945 'U-1233 transferred to Fredericia in order to surrender to Allied forces. En-route the U-1233 and two accompanying U-boats - U-155 and U-680 - were attacked by Allied aircraft. In the course of the attack one P-51 Mustang of No. 126 Squadron RAF was shot down.

In June 1945 the surrendered U-boats were transferred to Wilhelmshaven under British guard from where they sailed for Loch Ryan, a collecting point for Operation Deadlight. On 28 December 1945 U-1233 was towed to sea by HMS Freedom (W139). When the cable slipped the U-boat was sunk by artillery fire from HMS Onslaught (G04) on 29 December 1945 in position 54°51′N 8°54′W / 54.85°N 8.9°W / 54.85; -8.9

References[]

Notes
  1. Gröner 1985, pp. 105-6.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999) (in German). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985) (in German). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. III. Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 



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