|German submarine U-140 (1940)|
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||25 September 1939|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werke, Kiel|
|Laid down:||16 November 1939|
|Launched:||28 June 1940|
|Commissioned:||7 August 1940|
|Fate:||Scuttled, 2 May 1945|
|Class & type:||Type IID U-boat|
|Part of:||22nd U-boat Flotilla (1941–45)|
Kptlt. Hans-Peter Hinsch (Aug 1940–Apr 1941)|
Kptlt. Hans-Jürgen Hellriegel (Apr–Dec 1941)
Kptlt. Klaus Popp (Dec 1941–Aug 1942)
Kptlt. Albrecht Markert (Sep 1942–Jul 1944)
'Kptlt. Herbert Zeissier (Aug–Nov 1944)
Kptlt. Wolfgang Scherfling (Nov 1944–May 1945)
Three ships sunk for a total of 13,204 gross register tons (GRT)|
One submarine sunk for a total of 206 tons
German submarine U-140 was a Type IID U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She carried out only one combat patrol, but still managed to see action as a training boat in the summer of 1941. Built at the Kiel shipyards during 1939 and 1940, as a Type IID U-boat, she was too small for major operational work in the Atlantic Ocean, which was now required by the Kriegsmarine as the Battle of the Atlantic expanded.
War patrol[edit | edit source]
U-140 only carried out one raiding patrol, under her first captain, Hans-Peter Hinsch. He took her round the north of Scotland in December 1940 following her work-up program, and it was here that she sank her first victim, twelve days into the voyage. Six days later north of Ireland, on 8 December she sank the steel 3-mast barque Penang of neutral Finland, inbound from Stenhouse Bay, South Australia to Cobh in neutral Ireland with a cargo of grain. The Penang and her 18 crew were all lost at . Later that day she heard the British freighter Ashcrest broadcast that she needed assistance as her rudder was broken, at . U-140 sank Ashcrest with the loss of the entire crew of 37. She then headed home towards retirement. U-140 was docked, her crew transferred and she was converted into a training boat, designed to operate solely in the Baltic Sea, training submariners for the main U-boat force.
Training boat[edit | edit source]
It was during this onerous yet necessary duty that her new captain, Hans-Jürgen Hellriegel, found himself facing a small Soviet submarine on the surface, well into the Baltic, a month after the invasion of the Soviet Union. In a careful attack, U-140 torpedoed and sank her rival with his scratch crew of new recruits. Orders had been pushing U-140 further into the Baltic during the preceding months, with the hope that she might achieve just such a victory.
Following this excitement, U-140 returned to training duties, which she continued for the remainder of the war without further incident, save in the final months, when she was transferred to Wilhelmshaven in a general shipment of equipment and personnel to the West. It was there, on the 2 May 1945 in Jade Bay, that U-140 was scuttled by her crew to prevent her seizure by the advancing British forces. Post-war she was raised and scrapped.
Summary of raiding career[edit | edit source]
|2 December 1940||SS Victoria City||Great Britain||4,739||Sunk|
|8 December 1940||Bq "Penang"||Finland||2,816||Sunk|
|8 December 1940||SS Ashcrest||Great Britain||5,652||Sunk|
|21 July 1941||Submarine M-94||USSR||206||Sunk|
References[edit | edit source]
- Sharpe, Peter, U-Boat Fact File, Midland Publishing, Great Britain: 1998. ISBN 1-85780-072-9.
- U-boat.net webpage for U-140
- "Penang". Ships hit by U-boats. http://www.uboat.net/allies/merchants/ships/708.html. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
- "Ashcrest". Ships hit by U-boats. http://www.uboat.net/allies/merchants/ships/709.html. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
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