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German submarine U-165 (1941)
Career (Germany)
Name: U-165
Ordered: 25 September 1939
Builder: Deutsche Schiff und Maschinenbau AG, Bremen
Yard number: 704
Laid down: 30 August 1940
Launched: 15 August 1941
Commissioned: 3 February 1942
Fate: Sunk on 27 September 1942
General characteristics
Type: Type IXC submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.8 m (252 ft 0 in) overall
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M9V40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,000 hp (2,983 kW)
2 × SSW GU345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 24,880 nmi (46,080 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
117 nmi (217 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament: 6 × torpedo tubes (four bow, two stern)
22 × 55 cm (22 in) torpedoes
1 × 10.5 cm SK C/32 naval gun[1] (110 rounds)
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine
4th U-boat Flotilla
(3 February–31 August 1942)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–27 September 1942)
Commanders: Frgkpt. Eberhard Hoffmann
(3 February–27 September 1942)
Operations: One patrol
Victories: Two ships sunk for a total of 8,396 gross register tons (GRT)
one auxilliary warship sunk, (358 tons)
three ships damaged, (14,499 tons)
one auxilliary warship damaged, (7,252 tons)

German submarine U-165 was a Type IXC U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine built for service during World War II. The keel for this boat was laid down on 30 August 1940 at the Deutsche Schiff und Maschinenbau AG, Bremen yard as 'werk' 704. She was launched on 15 August 1941 and commissioned on 3 February 1942 under the command of Fregattenkapitän Eberhard Hoffmann.

The U-boat's service began with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla. She then moved to the 10th flotilla on 1 September 1942 for operations. She sank two ships, totalling 8,396 gross register tons (GRT), one auxiliary warship of 358 tons and damaged three others, for 14,499 tons. She also damaged one auxiliary warship (7,252 tons).

She was sunk by a British aircraft with a Czech crew in September 1942.

Operational career[]

Patrol and loss[]

The submarine's only patrol took her from Kiel on 7 August 1942, across the North Sea and into the northern Atlantic Ocean via through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. Her first victims were the USS Laramie and the Arlyn; both damaged at the northern end of the Belle Isle Strait on 28 August. She went on to attack the Aeas on 6 September, HMCS Raccoon on the 7th, the Essex Lance on the 16th and the Pan York, also on the 16th.

U-165 had almost reached the French Atlantic ports when she was sunk on 27 September 1942 by a Vickers Wellington of 311/Q Squadron, RAF just west of the Bay of Biscay.

Summary of raiding history[]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
28 August 1942 USS Laramie  USA 7,252 Damaged
28 August 1942 Arlyn  USA 3,304 Damaged
6 September 1942 Aeas  Greece 4,729 Sunk
7 September 1942 HMCS Raccoon  Canada 358 Sunk
16 September 1942 Essex Lance  United Kingdom 6,625 Damaged
16 September 1942 Joanis  Greece 3,667 Sunk
16 September 1942 Pan York  USA 4,750 Damaged

See also[]

References[]

Citations
  1. Campbell, John Naval Weapons of World War Two ISBN 0-87021-459-4 pp.248 and 249
  2. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u165/html

External links[]


Coordinates: 47°05′N 5°30′W / 47.083°N 5.5°W / 47.083; -5.5

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