|German submarine U-188|
|Ordered:||15 August 1940|
|Builder:||AG Weser, Bremen|
|Laid down:||18 August 1941|
|Launched:||31 March 1942|
|Commissioned:||5 August 1942|
|Fate:||Scuttled, 20 August 1944|
|Type:||Type IXC/40 submarine|
1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced|
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
76.8 m (252 ft 0 in) overall|
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
6.9 m (22 ft 8 in) overall|
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)|
2 × MAN M9V40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)|
2 × SSW GU345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
19 knots (35 km/h) surfaced|
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h) submerged
25,620 nmi (47,450 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced|
117 nmi (217 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||48 to 56|
• 6 × torpedo tubes (four bow, two stern)|
• 22 × 55 cm (22 in) torpedoes
• 1 × Utof 105 mm/45 deck gun (110 rounds)
• AA guns
4th U-boat Flotilla|
(5 August 1942–31 January 1943)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 February 1943–20 August 1944)
Oblt. Siegfried Lüdden|
(5 August 1942–9 August 1944)
4 March–4 May 1943
30 June–30 October 1943
1 January–19 June 1944
Eight commercial ships sunk (49,725 GRT);|
One warship sunk 1,190 tons;
One ship damaged (9,977 GRT)
The boat carried out three patrols and she was a member of three wolfpacks. She sank eight ships and one warship; she also damaged one ship.
She was scuttled at Bordeaux, France in August 1944. The wreck was broken up in 1947.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
1st patrol[edit | edit source]
U-188 sailed from Kiel on 27 October 1942. She steamed through the 'gap' between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, into the Northern Atlantic Ocean.
The boat's first victim was an old 'four stacker' destroyer, HMS Beverley in mid-Atlantic on 11 April. Less than a month later, the inbound submarine was attacked by an Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley of No. 612 Squadron RAF in the Bay of Biscay on 2 May. The Commander and one crewman were wounded. The crewman died in hospital in Paris on 12 May.
U-188 docked at Lorient in occupied France on 4 May.
2nd patrol[edit | edit source]
Having left Lorient on 30 June 1943, U-188 headed for the Indian Ocean. She sank the Cornelia P. Spencer about 300 mi (480 km) off the coast of Somalia on 21 September.
She was also successful when she damaged the Britannia in the Gulf of Oman on 5 October. This ship was held together by wires and chains on the orders of the master who was known as the 'crazy Norwegian' by the British naval authorities in Bombay. The ship loaded 6,000 tons of oil in Abädän, Iran. She was eventually repaired in Baltimore in March 1944.
The boat crossed the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal before docking at Penang in Malaya (now Malaysia) on 30 October.
3rd patrol[edit | edit source]
U-188's third and final foray was her longest and most successful. Operating off the Horn of Africa, she sank seven ships in a 171 day patrol. Two of them, the Fort la Maune and the Samouri were sent to the bottom with no casualties. It was a different story concerning the fate of the Chinese registered Chung Cheng. Twenty men out of seventy-one were lost. The ship sank quickly, probably due to her cargo of 8,350 tons of ilmenite ore.
The boat returned to France, but to Bordeaux on 19 June 1944.
Fate[edit | edit source]
U-188 was scuttled in Bordeaux to prevent her being captured by the advancing Allies on 20 August 1944. The wreck was broken up in 1947.
Summary of raiding history[edit | edit source]
|11 April 1943||HMS Beverley||Great Britain||1,190||Sunk|
|21 September 1943||Cornelia P. Spencer||USA||7,176||Sunk|
|5 October 1943||Britannia||Norway||9,977||Damaged|
|20 January 1944||Fort Buckingham||Great Britain||7,122||Sunk|
|25 January 1944||Fort la Maune||Great Britain||7,130||Sunk|
|26 January 1944||Samouri||Great Britain||7,219||Sunk|
|26 January 1944||Surada||Great Britain||5,427||Sunk|
|29 January 1944||Olga E. Embiricos||Greece||4,677||Sunk|
|3 February 1944||Chung Cheng||China||7,176||Sunk|
|9 February 1944||Viva||Norway||3,798||Sunk|
References[edit | edit source]
- "The Type IXC/40 boat U-188 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/boats/u188.htm. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "War Patrols by German U-boat U-188 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/boats/patrols/u188.html. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Patrol of U-boat U-188 from 4 March 1943 to 4 May 1943 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/boats/patrols/patrol_4074.html. Retrieved 26 January 2013. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "patrol1" defined multiple times with different content
- The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 41
- Ships hit by U-188 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats - uboat.net |publisher=www.uboat.net
See also[edit | edit source]
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