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German submarine U-285
Career
Name: U-285
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 50
Laid down: 7 July 1942
Launched: 3 April 1943
Commissioned: 15 May 1943
Fate: Sunk, April 1945 by British warships[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (20.4 mph; 32.8 km/h) surfaced
7.6 knots (8.7 mph; 14.1 km/h) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: • 5 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
• 14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
• 1 × C35 88mm gun/L45 deck gun (220 rounds)
• Various AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(15 May 1943–31 July 1944)
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–30 September 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
1 October 1944–15 April 1945
Commanders: Oblt. Walter Otto
(15 May–16 April 1943)
Oblt. Konrad Bornhaupt
17 April 1944–15 April 1945
Operations: Three patrols:
24 August–18 September 1943
20 December 1944–31 January 1945
26 March–15 April 1945
Victories: None

German submarine U-285 was a Type VIIC U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 7 July 1942 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack as 'werk' 50. She was launched on 3 April 1943 and commissioned on 15 May under the command of Oberleutnant Otto Walter.[2]

Service history[edit | edit source]

U-285 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training from May to July 1944 and operationally with the 7th flotilla from 1 August. She was then reassigned to the 11th flotilla on 1 October.[2] She carried out three patrols, sinking no ships.

The boat's first patrol was preceded by a short voyage from Kiel on 15 August 1944 to Kristiansand in Norway, arriving there on 20 August.

1st and 2nd patrols[edit | edit source]

U-285's first patrol proper took her to northwest Scotland. She docked at Bergen on 18 September 1944.

Her second sortie was west of Ireland and into the St. George's Channel, (between southeast Ireland and southwest Wales). She had passed between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and into the Atlantic Ocean. The submarine returned to Bergen on 31 January 1945.

3rd patrol and loss[edit | edit source]

The boat was attacked and sunk by depth charges dropped from the British frigates HMS Grindall and Keats on 15 April 1945 southwest of Ireland.

Forty-four men died; there were no survivors.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes
  1. Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, pp. 249-250
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "The Type VIIC boat U-285 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/boats/u285.htm. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  3. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-285 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/boats/patrols/u285.html. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
Bibliography

External links[edit | edit source]

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