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German submarine U-516
Career
Name: U-516
Ordered: 14 February 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Laid down: 12 May 1941
Launched: 16 December 1941
Commissioned: 21 February 1942
Fate: Surrendered, May 1945 at Loch Eriboll in Scotland; transferred to Lisahally in Northern Ireland. Sunk, January 1946
General characteristics
Type: Type IXC submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.8 m (252 ft 0 in) overall
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M9V40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,000 hp (2,983 kW)
2 × SSW GU345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 24,880 nmi (46,080 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
117 nmi (217 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament: 6 × torpedo tubes (four bow, two stern)
22 × 55 cm (22 in) torpedoes
1 × 10.5 cm SK C/32 naval gun[1] (110 rounds)
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(10 March 1942–31 August 1942)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1–30 September 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 October 1944–8 May 1945)
Commanders: Korvkpt. Gehard Wiebe
(10 March 1942–23 June 1943)
Hans Pauckstadt
(11–27 May 1942)
Kptlt. Herbert Kuppisch
(24–30 June 1943)
Kptlt. Hans-Rutger Tillessen
(1 July–December 1944)
Oblt. Friedrich Petran
(December 1944–14 May 1945)
Operations: 1st patrol:
15 August–14 November 1942
2nd patrol:
23 December 1942–5 May 1943
3rd patrol:
8 July–23 August 1943
4th patrol:
4 October 1943–26 February 1944
5th patrol:
7 May–4 October 1944
6th patrol:
6 April–14 May 1945
Victories: 16 ships sunk, total (89,385 GRT); one warship damaged, 9,867 tons.

German submarine U-516 was a Type IXC U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down at the Deutsche Werft (yard) in Hamburg as 'werk' 312 on 12 May 1941, launched on 16 December 1941 and commissioned on 21 February 1942 with Korvettenkapitän Gerhard Wiebe in command.

U-516 began her service career with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 10 March 1941. She was re-assigned to the 10th flotilla for operations on 1 September 1942, then the 33rd flotilla on 1 October 1944.

She carried out six patrols, sank 16 ships and damaged one more. She surrendered in May 1945 at Loch Eriboll in Scotland and was transferred to Lisahally in Northern Ireland for Operation Deadlight. She was sunk in January 1946.

Operational career[edit | edit source]

1st patrol[edit | edit source]

U-516'es first patrol was preceded by a short trip from Kiel in Germany to Kristiansand in Norway. The patrol itself began with the boat's departure from Kristiansand on 15 August 1942. She passed through the 'gap' separating Iceland and the Faroe Islands before heading out into the Atlantic Ocean.

She damaged the Port Jackson with 14 rounds from her deck gun 480 mi (770 km) west of Cape Clear, (at the southern tip of Ireland], on the 27th, after a spread of four torpedoes had missed. A small fire was started on the ship, but her accurate return fire discouraged the U-boat which broke off the attack. Port Jackson escaped at top speed into haze.

The boat moved to the waters off northern South America where her success rate shot-up, although one target required seven torpedoes to sink her.

She entered Lorient, on the French Atlantic coast, on 14 November.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit | edit source]

For her second foray, U-516 headed toward South Africa. She sank three ships in the vicinity of East London and a fourth off the coast of southern Namibia.

Her third sortie was also in a southerly direction; its furthest point was reached between South America and the Cape Verde Islands.[2]

4th patrol[edit | edit source]

Patrol number four took the boat to the Caribbean Sea. One of her victims was the Colombian sailing ship Ruby, which was sunk with the deck gun on 18 November 1943. Another was the Elizabeth Kellog. This ship, which had been torpedoed and abandoned on the 23rd, ran around the survivors (she was still underway because the engines could not be secured). Her after magazine exploded and she burned for 12 hours before sinking. The U-boat was damaged by an unidentified aircraft on 19 December 1943.

5th patrol[edit | edit source]

The boat's fifth patrol saw her sink the Esso Harrisburg 200 mi (320 km) northwest of Aruba in the Caribbean.[3] She then made her way to Flensburg via the Denmark Strait that separates Greenland and Iceland. She docked at the German harbour on 4 October 1944.

6th patrol and fate[edit | edit source]

Having moved from Kiel to Horten, (south of Oslo) and then Kristiansand, she left the Norwegian port on 5 April 1945. She surrendered at Loch Eriboll on 14 May and was then transferred to Lisahally in Northern Ireland for Operation Deadlight. She was sunk on 2 January 1946 at 56.06N 09.00W.

Summary of raiding history[edit | edit source]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[4]
27 August 1942 Port Jackson  United Kingdom 9,867 Damaged
31 August 1942 Jack Carnes  USA 10,907 Sunk
19 September 1942 Whichita  USA 6,174 Sunk
7 November 1942 Nathaniel Hawthorn  USA 7,176 Sunk
28 September 1942 Antonico  Brazil 1,223 Sunk
30 September 1942 Alipore  United Kingdom 5,273 Sunk
24 October 1942 Holmpark  United Kingdom 5,780 Sunk
17 February 1943 Deer Lodge  USA 6,187 Sunk
27 February 1943 Colombia  Netherlands 10,782 Sunk
20 March 1943 Nortun  Panama 3,663 Sunk
13 November 1943 Pompoon  Panama 1,082 Sunk
18 November 1943 Ruby  United Kingdom 39 Sunk
23 November 1943 Elizabeth Kellog  USA 5,189 Sunk
24 November 1943 Melville E. Stone  USA 7,176 Sunk
8 December 1943 Colombia  Panama 1,064 Sunk
16 December 1943 McDowell  USA 10,195 Sunk
7 July 1944 Esso Harrisburg  USA 9,887 Sunk

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Campbell, John Naval Weapons of World War Two ISBN 0-87021-459-4 pp.248 and 249
  2. The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 52
  3. The Times Atlas of the World, p 69
  4. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u516/html

External links[edit | edit source]


Coordinates: 56°06′N 9°00′W / 56.1°N 9°W / 56.1; -9

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