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German submarine U-802
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-802
Ordered: 7 December 1940
Builder: DeSchiMAG Seebeckwerft, Bremerhaven
Yard number: 711
Laid down: 1 December 1941
Launched: 31 October 1942
Commissioned: 12 June 1943
Fate: Lost 31 December 1945 while being towed to scuttling area
General characteristics [1]
Type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 kn (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,850 nmi (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
63 nmi (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Identification codes: M 52 697
Commanders: Rolf Steinhaus
Helmut Schmoeckel
Operations: four

German submarine U-802 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Laid down on 1 December 1942, U-802 was launched eleven months later on 31 October 1943. On 12 June 1943 the u-boat was commissioned into service under the command of Kapitänleutnant Rolf Steinhaus (Crew 36).

In September 1943 Helmut Schmoeckel (Crew 36) joined the crew of U-802 as a trainee commander. Schmoeckel finally relieved Steinhaus and took command of U-802 on 12 December 1943. Transferring from 4th U-boat Flotilla to 2nd, U-802 left base in Kiel on 29 January 1944 and after brief stops in Kristiansand and Stavanger she reached her assigned patrol area in the North Atlantic in Mid-February. In late March and early April U-801 attacked several convoys, sinking the Canadian 1621-ton steamer SS Watuka and possibly two more steamers from convoy SH 125 in 44°30′N 62°51′W / 44.5°N 62.85°W / 44.5; -62.85 on 22 March 1944. In an attack on convoy HX 286 she claimed two more steamers of 10,000 tons sunk or damaged respectively. On 2 May 1944 the u-boat arrived in Lorient.

U-802 set out from Lorient on her second patrol on 22 June 1944, but when her snorkel failed on 1 July, she made for port. After experiencing an air attack earlier that day, U-802 arrived back in Lorient on 9 July 1944.

On 19 July the u-boat left again for operations in the West and North Atlantic. In Mid-August U-802 made contact with a aircraft carrier but did not attack, but claimed an escort, HMCS Stettler, sunk on 14 September 1944. In November 1944 she returned to base via Norway to Flensburg. From there she left again for the West Atlantic on 11 December 1944 to return to Kiel on 8 April 1945. The last weeks of war in Europe U-802 spent in Norwegian waters.

Leaving Bergen on 3 May, U-801 arrived in Loch Eriboll on 11 May 1945 in order to surrender to the British. The u-boat was transferred to Loch Alsh the next day, and to Lisahally the day after that, where she was interned until the end of the year. On 30 December 1945 U-802 left Moville under tow from HMS Pytchley. At 12:30h the next day, 31 December 1945, the cable broke and U-802 sank at 55°30′N 8°25′W / 55.5°N 8.417°W / 55.5; -8.417Coordinates: 55°30′N 8°25′W / 55.5°N 8.417°W / 55.5; -8.417.[2]

References[]

Notes
  1. Gröner 1985, p. 105-7.
  2. Busch, Röll 1997, p. 390.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999) (in German). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985) (in German). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. III. Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 



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