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German submarine U-854
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-854
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: 1060
Laid down: 29 September 1942
Launched: 5 April 1943
Commissioned: 19 July 1943
Fate: sunk by mine off Swinemünde, 4 February 1944 in position 54°1′N 14°16′E / 54.017°N 14.267°E / 54.017; 14.267Coordinates: 54°1′N 14°16′E / 54.017°N 14.267°E / 54.017; 14.267
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 kn (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,850 nmi (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
63 nmi (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Identification codes: M 53 631
Commanders: Kptlt. Horst Weiher

German submarine U-854 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

U-854 was ordered in June 1941 from DeSchiMAG AG Weser in Bremen under the yard number 1060. Her keel was laid down on 29 September 1942 and the U-boat was launched the following year on 5 April 1943. She was commissioned into service under the command of Kapitänleutnant Horst Weiher (Crew 36) in 4th U-boat Flotilla.

While training in the Baltic Sea, U-854 rescued survivors of U-983 on 9 September 1943 and brought them to Hela. On 4 February 1944 the U-boat was on its way back to Swinemünde, when she struck a mine - one of a barrage 'Geranium', that had been laid by the British Royal Air Force. 51 crew members died, seven survived.[2]

References[]

Notes
  1. Gröner 1985, p. 105-7.
  2. Busch, Röll 1999, p. 185.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999) (in German). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985) (in German). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. III. Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 



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