|The Glasgow Highlanders|
Cap Badge of the Glasgow Highlanders
|Active||1868 - 1973|
Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers 1868-1881|
Highland Light Infantry 1881-1959
Royal Highland Fusiliers 1959-1967
52nd Lowland Volunteers 1967-1973
|Motto(s)||Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (No One Assails Me With Impunity) (Latin)|
|March||Quick - Highland Laddie|
Battle of Modder River |
Battle of Festubert
Battle of Loos
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Arras
Battle of Passchendaele
Battle of the Scheldt
|Tartan||MacKenzie Tartan[dead link]|
The Glasgow Highlanders was a former Territorial Army regiment in the British Army, it eventually became part of The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) in 1881, which later became The Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) in 1959. It was amalgamated into the 52nd Lowland Volunteers in 1967.
They were originally formed as the 105th Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers, also known as the Glasgow Highland Regiment, which was formed in 1868 by a group of Highland migrants to Glasgow as part of the civilian Volunteer Force and initially wore the uniform and based its cap badge upon that of The Black Watch. It consisted of 12 companies. The various battalions of the Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers eventually became volunteer battalions of either the Highland Light Infantry or the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) after Childers Reforms in 1881, with the 105th becoming part of the former, and renumbered as the 10th Lanarkshire Volunteer Rifles, which was changed to the 5th (Glasgow Highland) Volunteer Battalion in 1887. They were based at Greendyke Street drill hall near Glasgow Green and were distinctive because they continued to wear their kilts in contrast to the rest of the HLI, who wore trews.
TF and WWI
In 1908 they became the 9th (Glasgow Highlanders) Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry, when they became part of the 52nd (Lowland) Division in the new Territorial Force. During the First World War they recruited another two home-based battalions, one of which was a Bantam battalion, which were used to supply manpower to the 1st Battalion in France, which served with distinction with the Highland Light Infantry under the 2nd Division at the battles of Festubert and Loos. In May 1916 they transferred to the 33rd Division and fought at the Somme (at High Wood), Arras and Passchendaele. After the end of the war, the Glasgow Highlanders were disbanded along with the rest of the Territorial Force. The story of the Battalion in the Great War would later be dramatised in the 1995 Bill Bryden play, The Big Picnic, starring Jimmy Logan.
TA and WWII
In 1920, it was re-established as the Territorial Army, and the Glasgow Highlanders re-raised a single battalion. They later moved to a new Headquarters in Maryhill in 1935. When war was declared in 1939 the battalion went to war again and also raised a second battalion, they fought valiantly as part of the 52nd (Lowland) Division and 15th (Scottish) Division in the Second World War, most notably during the capture of Walcheren Island during the Battle of the Scheldt in November 1944.
In 1949 it was redesignated the 1st Battalion, The Glasgow Highlanders, The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) and in 1959 transferred from the Highland Light Infantry to the new Royal Highland Fusiliers Regiment without change of title. In 1967, with the formation of the Territorial Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR), the battalion laid up its colours and was amalgamated with the other TA battalions of Regiments in the Lowland Brigade, which were reformed as companies in three new TAVR battalions. The name of the Glasgow Highlanders was initially carried on through HQ (Glasgow Highlanders) Company of the 52nd Lowland Volunteers and C (Glasgow Highlanders) Company of the 3rd (Territorial) Battalion, The Royal Highland Fusiliers. With the disbandment of the latter in 1969, it was only carried on by HQ (Glasgow Highlanders) Company of the 1st Battalion, 52nd Lowland Volunteers. It later changed its affiliation to The Royal Highland Fusiliers in 1973, thus formally ending the existence of a Glasgow Highlanders unit within the Territorial Army. The Glasgow Highlanders' name was continued by a platoon of the Army Cadet Force, attached to 52nd Lowland Regiment. However in 2007, this ACF unit changed its affiliation to 52nd Lowland, 6th Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland and became F Platoon RHF (Maryhill). But members still have the history of the Glasgow Highlanders taught to them.
. Accessed 24 April 2006
- 'Weir, Alec (2005), 'Come on Highlanders!: The Glasgow Territorials in the Great War by Alec Weir, Sutton Publishing ISBN 0-7509-4230-4
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