Groom Lake is a salt flat in Nevada used for runways of the Nellis Bombing Range Test Site airport (KXTA). It is located immediately north of the Area 51 USAF installation. The lake at 4,409 ft (1,344 m) elevation is approximately 3.7 miles (6.0 km) from north to south and 3 miles (4.8 km) from east to west at its widest point. Located within the namesake Groom Lake Valley portion of the Tonopah Basin, the lake is 25 mi (40 km) south of Rachel, Nevada.
The nearest civilian vantage point of Groom Lake is Tikaboo Peak, 26 miles to the east.
Lead and silver were discovered in the southern part of the Groom Range in 1864, and the English Groome Lead Mines Limited company financed the Conception Mines in the 1870s, giving the district its name (nearby mines included Maria, Willow and White Lake). The mining claims in Groom were acquired by J. B. Osborne and partners and patented in 1876, and Osborne's son acquired the interests in the 1890s. The claims were proved in 1916 when two companies began working their mines; that work continued until 1918, and resuming after World War II until the early 1950s.
- ↑ "Groom Lake (GNIS code 840824)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:840824. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 DREAMLAND: Fifty Years of Secret Flight Testing in Nevada By Peter W. Merlin
- ↑ Mineral resources of the Pahranagat Range 30' by 60' quadrangle, Joseph V. Tingley, Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, University of Nevada, Reno, 1989, retrieved 11 June 2010
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "A Guide to the Records of The Groom Mining District Collection No. 99-19". University of Nevada, Reno. http://knowledgecenter.unr.edu/specoll/mss/99-19.aspx. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
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