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The Group of Popular Combatants (Spanish language:Grupos de Combatientes Populares , GCP)[1] is a far-left insurgent movement active in the Republic of Ecuador. It is the armed wing of the Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (Spanish language:Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista del Ecuador , PCMLE), a party formed in 1964 as a split from the Communist Party of Ecuador and internationally affiliated with the International Conference of Marxist–Leninist Parties and Organizations (Unity & Struggle). The party belongs to an anti-revisionist tradition of Marxism–Leninism, one originally aligned with Albania during the Cold War and frequently referred to as Hoxhaism.


The armed wing was originally formed in 1994, during the presidency of Sixto Durán Ballén.[2] It became far more active in 2000, and has since engaged in a number of attacks on foreign diplomats, as well as several bombings.[3] These bombings have utilized so-called airborne leaflet propaganda, a tactic relatively popular among Latin American revolutionaries. For example, in 2001 the GCP was blamed by authorities for a pamphlet bomb and later the same year the group claimed responsibility for detonating a pamphlet bomb in downtown Quito that let out hundreds of pamphlets protesting against Plan Colombia.[4]

In 2002 it was reported that the Group of Popular Combatants was attempting to establish a rural base in a remote jungle region bordering Colombia, and that they maybe had been receiving training from some of the guerrilla groups involved in the ongoing Colombian conflict.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. Also known as the Popular Combatants Group (PCG)
  2. Schmid, Alex P., ed (2011). The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 638. ISBN 041-541-157-2. 
  3. Tan, Andrew T. H., ed (2010). Politics of Terrorism: A Survey. London: Routledge. pp. 59–60. ISBN 113-683-336-6. 
  4. Country Reports on Terrorism 2005. United States: United States Department of State - Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. 2006. p. 165. 
  5. "Subversives, Rebels Linked". Orlando. 11 January 2002. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 

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