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Gunnar Eklund
Birth name Carl Gunnar Eklund
Born (1920-03-21)21 March 1920
Died 11 January 2010(2010-01-11) (aged 89)
Place of birth Stockholm, Sweden
Place of death Danderyd, Sweden
Buried at Solna Cemetery
Allegiance Sweden
Service/branch Swedish Army
Years of service 1941–1982
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Naval Staff
Defence Staff
Eastern Military Area
Commandant General in Stockholm

Carl Gunnar Eklund (21 March 1920 – 11 January 2010) was a Swedish Army lieutenant general. His senior commands include chief of the Naval Staff, chief of the Defence Staff, military commander of the Eastern Military Area (Milo Ö) and Commandant General in Stockholm.

CareerEdit

Military careerEdit

Eklund was born in Stockholm, the son of lieutenant Carl Eklund and his wife Sally (née Karlsson).[1] As a child in a non-commissioned officer family in the Coastal Artillery, he moved between different garrisons from an early age, but he passed studentexamen in Stockholm in 1938.[2] Eklund became fänrik in the Gotland Coastal Artillery Corps (Gotlands kustartillerikår, KA 3) in 1941[3] and during his first years, he served in units with high preparedness in Stockholm's outer archipelago[2] and he was promoted to lieutenant in 1943.[3] He had a strong interest in technology[2] and attended the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1946 to 1947[4] and passed its staff and artillery course from 1947 to 1949 and was promoted to captain in 1948. He served in the Defence Staff and was teacher at the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1949 to 1954 as well as served as acting teacher at the Swedish National Defence College from 1952 to 1954.[4] Eklund was a teacher of tactics at the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1954 to 1958[4] and attended the Infantry Combat School (Infanteriets stridsskola, InfSS) in 1957 and was promoted to major the same year.[1]

Eklund was head of the Defence Staff's Research Department from 1958 to 1961[1] and attended the Swedish National Defence College in 1959.[4] In 1960 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He was then chief of staff of the Inspector of the Coastal Artillery from 1961 to 1962 when he promoted to colonel.[1] Eklund was appointed commanding officer of the Gotland Coastal Artillery Defense (Gotlands kustartilleriförsvar, KA 3) in 1962 and two years later in 1964 he was appointed commanding officer of the Naval Command North (Marinkommando Nord), Norrland Coastal Artillery Defense (Norrlands kustartilleriförsvar) and Härnösand Coastal Artillery Corps (Härnösands kustartillerikår, KA 5).[1]

He was promoted to colonel 1st class in 1966[3] and was chief of staff of the Lower Norrland Military Area (Milo NN) from 1966 to 1970 and was promoted to major general in 1970 and appointed chief of the Naval Staff.[5] Eklund was chief of the Defence Staff from 1972 to 1976 and then military commander of the Eastern Military Area (Milo Ö) as well as Commandant General in Stockholm from 1976 to 1982 when he retired from active service.[5]

Other workEdit

Eklund was a member of Gotland's Coastal Artillery Corps's shooting association from 1942, member of the board and leader of the pistol shooting section leader, and member of the Vaxholm Coastal Artillery Regiment's shooting association and the Royal Swedish Naval Academy's shooting association.[3] Eklund was editor of the journal Kustartilleriet ("The Coastal Artillery") from 1954 to 1960 and co-editor of Öst och Väst och Vi in 1957.[1] He was a board member of the Marinlitteraturföreningen ("Naval Literature Association") and the Försvarspolitiskt forum ("Defense Policy Forum Association").[4] Eklund became a member of the Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences in 1962 and in 1966 he became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences. Eklund was a member of the Swedish delegation in the Disarmament Conference in Geneva from 1963 to 1965[1] and chairman of the Section II, Naval Warfare Studies of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences from 1970 to 1972 as well as military expert in the 1972 Defense Investigation.[2] Furthermore, Eklund was chairman of the Sweden's Military Sports Federation (Sveriges Militära Idrottsförbund) from 1972 to 1984[2] and he was president of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences from 1982 to 1985.[5] After his retirement, he worked as chairman of the Officers' Association for Older Officers (Officersföreningen för äldre officerare) and in the Retired Officers Association (Föreningen Pensionerade Officerare). He was also elected municipal politician in Danderyd from 1983 to 1988.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

On 31 December 1942 he married Marianne Cecil Elisabet von Malmborg (1920–2004),[3] the daughter of captain Nils von Malmborg and Torborg Vidinghoff.[1] He was the father of Carl (born 1944), Nils (born 1944) and Bertil (born 1948).[4] Eklund died on 11 January 2010 in Danderyd and the funeral service took place in Danderyd Church on 12 February 2010.[3] He was buried at Solna Cemetery on 21 March 2010.[6]

Dates of rankEdit

Awards and decorationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Lagerström, Sten, ed (1968) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1969. Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 228. LIBRIS 3681519. http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1969/0244.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Rossander, Erik (2010). "Minnesord över bortgångna ledamöter" (in sv). Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien. pp. 8–9. LIBRIS 3417415. http://www.kkrva.se/wp-content/uploads/Artiklar/104/kkrvaht_4_2010_1.pdf. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Olsson, Kjell. "Carl Gunnar Eklund" (in Swedish). Gotlands militärhistoria & Gotlands trupper. http://www.tjelvar.se/biografica/akter-1/1474.htm. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Harnesk, Paul, ed (1962) (in Swedish). Vem är vem? 1, Stor-Stockholm (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Vem är vem. p. 322. LIBRIS 53509. http://runeberg.org/vemarvem/sthlm62/0346.html. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Uddling, Hans; Paabo, Katrin, eds (1992) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1993. Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 273. ISBN 91-1-914072-X. LIBRIS 8261513. http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1993/0273.html. 
  6. "Carl Gunnar Eklund" (in Swedish). Finngraven.se. http://www.finngraven.se/(S(jtz4a4ryz1bkync2nkn4ia1i))/DisplayInfo.aspx?id=1172945. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Bo Westin
Chief of the Naval Staff
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Bo Varenius
Preceded by
Bo Westin
Chief of the Defence Staff
1972–1976
Succeeded by
Lennart Ljung
Preceded by
Nils Sköld
Eastern Military Area (Milo Ö)
1976–1982
Succeeded by
Bengt Lehander
Preceded by
Nils Sköld
Commandant General in Stockholm
1976–1982
Succeeded by
Bengt Lehander

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