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Lieutenant-Colonel Guy Greville Wilson DSO, CMG (19 May 1877 – 1 February 1943)[1] was a British soldier, company director, and Liberal Party politician from Kingston upon Hull. His family owned Thomas Wilson Sons & Co., which was once the largest private shipowning concern in the world.[2]

Family and military serviceEdit

Wilson was the second son of Charles Henry Wilson (later the first Baron Nunburnholme) and his wife Florence Jane Helen Wellesley.[3] He was educated at Eton, and in February 1895 he was commissioned in the British Army as a second Lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion of the East Yorkshire Regiment.[4] He served in South Africa as a Lieutenant with the 11th Hussars during the Second Boer War,[3] where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in October 1902.[5] He retired from the full-time army service in 1903, but later became Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st battalion of the East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry and served in the army during World War I from 1915 to 1916.[3]

Wilson was married twice, firstly on 23 June 1904[6] to Lady Isabel Ines-Ker (1879–1905), daughter of the 7th Duke of Roxburghe.[3] She died in childbirth on 12 October 1905[6] (the year after their marriage). He married again in May 1911, to Avery Fowell Buxton (born 1889),[7] daughter of Lt.-Col. Geoffrey Fowell Buxton (1852–1929),[8] of Dunston Hall in Norfolk, a Deputy Lieutenant of Norfolk[8] and a Director of Barclays Bank.

Political careerEdit

His father Charles had been a Member of Parliament (MP) for over 30 years,[2] and when he retired from the House of Commons in 1906 before being awarded a peerage, Charles's older son Charles H. W. Wilson was elected at the 1906 general election to succeed him as MP for Hull West.[9] However, their father died the following year, and Charles Jr succeeded to his peerage, thereby gaining a seat in the House of Lords and automatically vacating his seat in the Commons. At the resulting by-election in November 1907, Guy was elected to succeed him,[1][10] with a narrow majority of 241 votes (1.5% of the total) over his Conservative Party opponent.[9]

He was re-elected at both the January 1910 and December 1910 elections and held the seat until the constituency was abolished at the 1918.[9] He then stood in the new North Western division of Hull, where he was one of 159 Liberal candidates to receive the "coalition coupon",[11] which signified the endorsement of the Conservative-dominated Coalition Government led by David Lloyd George. However, Wilson repudiated the coupon,[9] and was overwhelmingly defeated by the Conservative Party candidate Lambert Ward; Wilson took only 21.0% of the votes.[11]

After his defeat in 1918, Wilson did not stand for Parliament again.[11]

He was later made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG).[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 4)}[better source needed] }}
  2. 2.0 2.1 L. P. Sidney, "Wilson, Charles Henry, first Baron Nunburnholme (1833–1907)", rev. Arthur G. Credland, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006. Accessed 22 July 2010
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1916. p. 172. http://www.archive.org/stream/debrettshouseo1916londuoft#page/172/mode/1up. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  4. The London Gazette: no. 26600. p. 1004. 19 February 1895. Retrieved 22 July.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 27490. p. 6898. 31 October 1902. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Dewar, Peter Beauclerk (2001). Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain. p. 770. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wEFuRPsYHwwC&pg=PA770&dq=%22Guy+Greville+Wilson%22&hl=en&ei=JjhITM32KI2G4gbtmpGjDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-preview-link&resnum=4&ved=0CDoQuwUwAw#v=onepage&q=%22Guy%20Greville%20Wilson%22&f=false. 
  7. Lundy, Darryl. "Avery Buxton". http://thepeerage.com/p19630.htm#i196293. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Lundy, Darryl. "Lt.-Col. Geoffrey Fowell Buxton". http://thepeerage.com/p12813.htm#i128129. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 130. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  10. The London Gazette: no. 28085. p. 8439. 3 December 1907. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 157. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  12. The London Gazette: no. 33786. p. 51. 1 January 1932. Retrieved 22 July 2010.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Wilson
Member of Parliament for Hull West
1907 – 1918
Constituency abolished

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