|Birth name||Guy Beresford Kerr Griffiths|
|Born||6 June 1915|
|Died||12 July 1999(aged 84)|
|Place of birth||Pembroke Dock, Wales|
|Place of death||Chichester, England|
|Years of service||1938-1953|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Captain Guy Beresford Kerr "Griff" Griffiths (6 June 1915 – 12 July 1999) was a Royal Marine pilot. He served as a pilot during the Second World War and gained notoriety as a POW for using his artistic skills to forge documents and provide misinformation by feeding Nazi intelligence with fake sketches of British aircraft. After the War he continued to fly various types of aircraft as a test pilot and has the distinction of being the first Royal Marines officer to fly a helicopter.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Griffiths was born in 1915 at Pembroke Dock where his father was a senior Admiralty civil servant.
Career[edit | edit source]
Commissioned in the Royal Marines on 1 September 1934, ‘Griff’ was on HMS Resolution off the coast of Spain during the Spanish Civil War. In 1938 his elder brother was killed in the Indian Army. He took up flying in January that year and was eventually assigned to 803 Naval Air Squadron flying Blackburn Skua dive-bombers aboard HMS Ark Royal.
World War II[edit | edit source]
Eleven days into World War II, HMS Ark Royal picked up an SOS from the merchant ship SS Fanad Head under attack from U30. Three Skuas, including one piloted by Griffiths conducted the first British Naval bombing of the war. Due to the incorrect fuse arming in relation to the height of attack, the bomb explosions of Griff’s aircraft and that of Lt Thurstan RN damaged the tails of both planes, and they crashed into the sea with the loss of each air observer. Griff and Thurstan were the first Naval officers captured in the war.
At the time of their capture, the POW camp infrastructure was only just developing; those in captivity found their conditions relatively relaxed. Griff was placed in a number of POW camps – including Spangenburg Castle (Oflag IX-A/H) and Dulag luft – before incarceration in Stalag Luft III.
Stalag Luft III achieved world wide notoriety thanks to the The Great Escape released in 1963. During Griff’s time in captivity there, he put his considerable artistic skills to good use. He was a forger, producing fake documents as required, and he also produced detailed paintings of aeroplanes based on aspects of those in current production, to provide misinformation to the enemy in order to buy time.
Griff was also in contact with MI9 (British Military Intelligence Section 9) - his letters to the Globe & Laurel (the Royal Marines Corps’ publication) contained encrypted details for MI9 of identities of personnel in the camp.
Griff spent the remainder of the war in Stalag Luft III. In 1945 he led the captives of his camp out to the Americans after being mistaken by Germans as being a Hungarian officer.
Post-War[edit | edit source]
Following World War II, Griff underwent significant re-training to fly the latest aircraft. Once flying again, he served aboard HMS Glory. During the Korean War, he was instrumental in providing the first visual confirmation of a downed MiG 15 jet, which led to the first capture of this type by the west.
In later years, from 1953 to 1958, Griff became the Editor of the Globe & Laurel publication. He also ran the Bolero coffee shop in Chichester (West Sussex, England). Between 1969 and 1980, he was domestic superintendent for the Royal West Sussex Hospital, and subsequently the whole Chichester district. Griff died from a heart attack on 12 July 1999 aged 84. The complete collection of watercolours and drawings he completed during his service career were subsequently bequeathed to the Royal Marines Museum.
Publications[edit | edit source]
- Reece, Michael, 2012. Flying Royal Marines, Royal Marines Historical Society, Special Publication number 38
References[edit | edit source]
- [Script error: No such module "London Gazette util". "No. 34086"]. 11 September 1934. p. Script error: No such module "London Gazette util".. Script error: No such module "London Gazette util". Script error: No such module "London Gazette util".
- The Navy List. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1937. p. 26.
[edit | edit source]
- Chapter One: About the Man - The life of Captain Guy Beresford Kerr Griffiths RM
- Culture 24 story on Royal Marines Museum exhibit
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|