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Guy Vernor Henry, Jr.
Guy Vernor Henry Jr..jpg
Guy V. Henry, Jr.
Born (1875-01-28)January 28, 1875
Died November 29, 1967(1967-11-29) (aged 92)
Place of birth Fort Robinson, Nebraska
Place of death Wenatchee, Washington
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal United States Army
Years of service 1898-1939
1941-1947
Rank US-O8 insignia Major General
Commands held 3rd Cavalry Regiment
7th Cavalry Brigade
Army Cavalry School
Battles/wars

Spanish-American War

Philippine-American War
World War I
World War II
Awards Silver Star
Legion of Honor
Distinguished Service Medal
Order of the Bath
Relations Guy V. Henry (father)
Other work Olympic equestrain

Major General Guy Vernor Henry, Jr. (December 26, 1875 – November 29, 1967) was an American horse rider who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.

BiographyEdit

Guy Henry Jr

Guy Henry Jr. on the prewar photo.

Guy V. Henry, Jr. was born into the military life. Son of Guy Vernor Henry, he went on to graduate from West Point in 1898,[1] and distinguished his military career by earning the Silver Star in 1899 during the Spanish-American War.[1] He was also awarded two Distinguished Service Medals later in life.

Henry went on to study at the French Cavalry School in Saumur, France and used the knowledge he gained there to change the treatment and training of US Cavalry Horses. This included starting horses not by "breaking" them using the traditional western methods, but by training them on the longe, then slowly teaching them to accept the weight of a human on their back. He also brought dressage methods from both the French and German schools, with a great deal of influence from Baucher, and as senior instructor of equitation at the Mounted Service School at Ft. Riley he insisted in teaching new recruits to properly use the aids and promoted the European methods. Henry helped to institute the high level of horsemanship at Ft. Riley, helping to develop farrier and veterinary programs which were to become required courses for cavalry lieutenants. He also got rid of the harsh curb bit used by the Cavalry, known as the Shoemaker bit, and replaced it with either the snaffle bit or the double bridle.

Olympic Equestrian CareerEdit

Henry competed in all three Olympic equestrian disciplines - dressage, eventing, and show jumping - for the United States during his years in the Army. His most distinguished Olympic results occurred at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm, where he won the bronze medal in the team eventing competition, finished 11th in the individual event, 4th in the team jumping competition, and 13th in the individual dressage competition.

Henry later served at Chef dÉquipe for the US Teams from 1936–1948, was chairman on the Olympic Equestrian Committee from 1930–1960, and director of equestrian events at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

Other AchievementsEdit

  • Commandant of Cadets at West Point (1916–1918)
  • Commander of Fort Myer, Virginia (1927-1930) [2]
  • Chief of Cavalry, US Army (1930–1934)
  • Commandant of the US Army Cavalry School and Commander of Fort Riley (1935–1939)
  • Judge at horse shows at the international level
  • Director of the US Equestrian Team
  • Director of the American Horse Shows Association
  • Director of New York's National Horse Show Association
  • President of the Fédération Équestre Internationale, the only American to be placed in that position (1931–1935)

DecorationsEdit

Bronze oakleaf-3d
Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Army Distinguished Service Medal (w/oak leaf cluster)
Silver Star ribbon.svg Silver Star
Spanish War Service Medal ribbon Spanish War Service Medal
Philippine Campaign Medal ribbon Philippine Campaign Medal
Army of Puerto Rican Occupation ribbon Army of Puerto Rican Occupation Medal
World War I Victory Medal ribbon World War I Victory Medal
World War II Victory Medal ribbon World War II Victory Medal
American Defense Service ribbon American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal ribbon American Campaign Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with two campaign stars
Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon Chevalier of the Legion of Honour
Order of the Bath UK ribbon Order of the Bath

FootnotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Gen. Guy V. Henry Is Dead" (PDF). The New York Times. 1899-10-28. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9D05E3DF1230EE32A2575BC2A9669D94689ED7CF. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  2. Images of America - Fort Myer
  • Bryant, Jennifer O. Olympic Equestrian, A Century of International Horse Sport. Lexington, KY: Blood-Horse Publications, 2008

External linksEdit

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