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Guy Melfort Baldwin
DSO
Born 22 March 1865
Died 1945
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army British Army & British Indian Army
Rank Brigadier-General
Unit Royal Irish Regiment
The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
4th Punjab Infantry Regiment
Queen Victoria's Own Corps of Guides (Frontier Force)
25th Cavalry (Frontier Force)
Commands held 25th Cavalry (Frontier Force)
Derajat Brigade
Battles/wars Chitral Expedition
Hazara Expedition of 1888
Defence of Malakand
Relief of Chakdara
Operations in Bajaur, the Mamund country and Buner
North West Frontier
First World War
Third Afghan War
Awards Distinguished Service Order

Brigadier-General Guy Melfort Baldwin DSO was a British cavalry officer in the British Indian Army. Where he commanded the 25th Cavalry (Frontier Force) and the Derajat Brigade.

Early lifeEdit

Guy Melfort Baldwin was born 22 March 1865 at Penang, to Colonel A T and Margaret Baldwin. He was educated in Scotland at the Royal High School, in Edinburgh, and then at Wimbledon College.[1] He then attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, graduating as the Queen's India Cadet in January 1886 and joining the Royal Irish Regiment as a second-lieutenant.[2] Until August the same year when he transferred to The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.[3]

British Indian ArmyEdit

In March 1988, Baldwin was seconded for service with the Indian Staff Corps, joining the 4th Punjab Infantry Regiment serving with them in the Hazara Expedition of 1888.[4] Two years later in 1890 he joined the Queen's Own Corps of Guides as a lieutenant and squadron commander.[1] He was present during the 1895 Chitral Expedition, where as part of the relief force he received a sword wound during the action at Khaar 4 April 1895. He was mentioned in dispatches and invested as a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order.[5][6] He was again wounded in November 1897, this time severely during operations in the Malakand District and Swat valley.[7]

He was promoted to captain in April 1897,[8] and major in February 1904.[9] Becoming a Deputy Assistant Adjutant General in May 1905.[10]

By the First World War he was a lieutenant-colonel commanding the 25th Cavalry (Frontier Force). In March 1915 he took part in the Action at Miramshah in the Tochi Valley, was again mentioned in dispatches and was promoted to brevet colonel in October 1915.[1][11] Two years later, in February 1917, he was promoted to temporary brigadier-general and commander of the Derajat Brigade.[12] For his brigades conduct against the Mahsuds in 1917 he was once more mentioned in dispatches.[13] His final action was during the 1919, third Afghan War, following which he retired from the army 21 August 1919, being granted the substantive rank of brigadier-general.[14]

Family lifeEdit

Baldwin married his wife Christine lived for a time at Bexhill on Sea in Sussex and at Melfort Cottage, Yately, in Hampshire.[15] There son Major Christopher Melfort Baldwin of the 1/7th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment was killed in action 1 June 1940, during the Second World War.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Guy Melfort Baldwin". Anglo-Boer War. http://www.angloboerwar.com/medals-and-awards/non-boer-war/1886-distinguished-service-order-victorian-1886-1902. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  2. The London Gazette: no. 25554. p. 442. 29 January 1886. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 25619. p. 4131. 24 August 1886. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 25826. p. 3248. 12 June 1888. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 26680. p. 6179. 15 November 1895. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  6. The London Gazette: no. 26701. p. 358. 21 January 1896. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  7. The London Gazette: no. 26907. p. 6064. 5 November 1897. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  8. The London Gazette: no. 26845. p. 2249. 23 April 1897. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  9. The London Gazette: no. 27679. p. 3354. 24 may 1904. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  10. The London Gazette: no. 27799. p. 3869. 30 May 1905. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  11. The London Gazette: no. 29344. p. 10728. 29 October 1915. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  12. The London Gazette: no. 30629. p. 2047. 17 February 1917. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  13. The London Gazette: no. 30629. p. 4502. 12 April 1918. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  14. The London Gazette: no. 32161. p. 12280. 10 December 1920. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  15. "Brigadier-General Baldwin". Yatley History. http://yateleylocalhistory.pbworks.com/w/page/9286148/Yateley. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  16. "Melfort, Chrisopher Baldwin". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/2082147/BALDWIN,%20CHRISTOPHER%20MELFORT. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

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