|Gwilym Hugh Lewis|
|Born||5 August 1897|
|Died||18 December 1996 (aged 99)|
|Place of birth||Moseley, Birmingham, England|
|Unit||No. 32 Squadron RFC, No. 40 Squadron RAF|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Other work||Became insurance broker; outlived all other British World War I aces|
Captain Gwilym Hugh Lewis (5 August 1897—18 December 1996) was a British flying ace during World War I. He was credited with 12 confirmed aerial victories. He went on to a very successful career as an insurance broker. Lewis was the next to last surviving British ace from the war, as well as the longest lived, dying eight months before his hundredth birthday. His wide range of friends included Prime Minister Winston Churchill, playwright Noël Coward, and fellow aces Stan Dallas, Mick Mannock, and George McElroy.
Early life and serviceEdit
Born in Moseley, Birmingham in 1897 to Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Lewis, he was educated at Marlborough College. He volunteered for the Northamptonshire Regiment for service early in World War I. On 10 September 1915, having trained at the Officers' Training Corps at the University of London, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant; however, he was not entitled to pay and allowances until the following 3 January. His first try at transferring to the Royal Flying Corps was refused because they had no openings. Lewis then procured 100 pounds from his father for tuition, and put himself through private pilot's training at Hendon on a Grahame-White Boxkite. Lewis was awarded Pilot's Certificate number 2116 on 27 November 1915. The RFC then accepted him and sent him to the Central Flying School at Upavon. On 30 November 1915, he was temporarily transferred to the Northumberland Fusiliers.
World War I aerial serviceEdit
Professional promotions and awardsEdit
Success in the airEdit
When 32 Squadron moved to France on 29 May 1916, Lewis flew a tired Airco DH.2 over the English Channel; he had four and a half hours solo flight experience. On 15 July 1916, he would help destroy a Fokker Eindekker for his first aerial victory. Two months later, on 22 September 1916, he destroyed a Roland C.II over Bancourt for his first singlehanded victory.
Lewis would not score again until late 1917, when he was assigned to 40 Squadron to train as a Flight Commander on Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5s. He began his training duties in September 1917. On 19 December 1917, he drove an Albatros D.III down out of control. He would drive another down a month later, on 19 January 1918. He would score nine more times in the next six months, including one triumph shared with his squadron leader, Major Stan Dallas. Lewis ran his personal tally to five German planes destroyed, six driven down out of control, as well as capturing an LVG reconnaissance plane on 7 July 1918 for his final win. He was awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross during July.
Stan Dallas was not the only famous ace Lewis befriended; Mick Mannock invoked the rule of opposites to nickname the quiet Lewis as "Noisy". On Lewis's final day in France, at his farewell luncheon, Mannock pulled aside top Irish ace George McElroy to caution him about following victims down to within the range of German ground fire. Six days later, Mannock was killed in action by ground fire when he followed a falling German plane too close to earth; McElroy followed him five days later. Lewis had earlier lost his elder brother in aerial combat. Lewis returned to instructor duty in England to finish out the war.
Post World War IEdit
Gwilym Hugh Lewis came home from the war to share a cottage in Wargrave with some of his service friends; they were Noël Coward's audience for his reading of his first play, The Rat Trap. Lewis began his career in insurance with Sedgwick and Collins, brokers with Lloyd's of London. During 1919 and 1920, despite his resignation from flying, Lewis began writing about aviation safety while he began his career as an insurance broker. He also wrote Wings Over the Somme 1916–1918, his memoir of his war experiences.
Despite his 1918 resignation of his commission because of wounds, Lewis must have returned to military service, as he was a lieutenant in the 4th Battalion of the Northumberland Regiment as of 1921. He traveled to the United States in 1923, surveying business conditions there. Upon his return, he recommended that Lloyd's form an American Non-Marine Department; the recommendation caused some hard feelings towards his from coworkers. Lewis was listed in public records as a business liquidator as early as 1925. This was also the year he married Christian Robertson, on 9 July; the union would last 68 years and produce two daughters and two sons. Lewis avoided becoming impoverished by the Great Depression of 1929. He also built the American Non-Marine Department into the largest department in Sedgwick and Collins by 1939.
World War II serviceEdit
On 14 August 1939, Lewis was promoted to Flying Officer. He served in World War II as a member of the Cabinet War Rooms reporting to and briefing Winston Churchill until his health once again forced his resignation on 21 September 1944, this time from the rank of Wing Commander. In the meantime, he had attempted to remain current with business affairs at Sedgwick, Collins.
Post World War IIEdit
Lewis parted with Sedgwick, Collins in 1947. He went to work for Arbon Langrish, and succeeded to its chairmanship upon death of its senior partner. Once again, Lewis went offshore to build up American accounts for his firm. As late as November 1960, Lewis was still active as liquidator on an insurance brokerage that month, with his address being given in London. Lewis sold out Arbon Langrish to Clarkeson in 1965.
When Gwilym Hugh Lewis died on 18 December 1996, aged 99. He was Lloyd's of London's oldest member, as well as the oldest of the two World War I British aces remaining. The other ace, his near namesake Cecil Lewis, was a year younger and died a month later.
Honors and awardsEdit
Citation for award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
Lieut. (T./Capt.) Gwilym Hugh Lewis (Northamptonshire Regiment).
It is largely due to this officer's ability and judgment as a flight leader that many enemy machines have been destroyed with very few casualties in his formation. He is bold in attack, and has personally accounted for eight enemy aircraft, displaying marked disregard of personal danger.
- Franks, Norman. SE 5/5a Aces of World War I: Volume 78 of Aircraft of the Aces. Osprey Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-84603-180-9, ISBN 978-1-84603-180-9.
- There Shall be Wings: The RAF: 1918 to the Present. Max Arthur. Hodder & Stoughton, 1993. ISBN 978-0-340-58761-4, ISBN 978-0-340-58761-4.
- Wings over the Somme, 1916-1918. Gwilym Hugh Lewis. Kimber, 1976. ISBN 978-0-7183-0324-2, ISBN 978-0-7183-0324-2.
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 (The Independent, 24 December 1996) http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-gwilym-lewis-1315911.html Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 1 October 1915) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29312/pages/9664 Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 14 March 1916) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29506/pages/2795 Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ↑ (Flight) http://books.google.com/books?id=Sl5NAAAAYAAJ&q=%22gwilym+hugh+lewis%22&dq=%22gwilym+hugh+lewis%22&hl=en&ei=e7pFTYL7IIv0swP34924Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CEsQ6AEwCQ Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to The London Gazette, 17 April 1917) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30021/pages/3575 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 5 May 1916) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29568/pages/4461 Retrieved 30 January 2011. Note: It was a common practice for the RFC during the First World War to have their pilots carried on a ground unit's rolls while the pilots were seconded to flying duty.
- ↑ (Supplement to The London Gazette, 10 May 1916) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29575/supplements/4646 Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to The London Gazette, 10 December 1917) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30419/supplements/12887 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to The London Gazette, 17 September 1917) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30277/supplements/9354 Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to The London Gazette, 12 September 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30894/supplements/10739 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 4 February 1919) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31162/pages/1801 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ Franks, p. 27.
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 (The Independent, 24 December 1996) http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-gwilym-lewis-1315911.html Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ (The Standard, 21 June 1919) http://books.google.com/books?id=RmDnAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA650&dq=%22gwilym+hugh+lewis%22&hl=en&ei=EflGTdSmGY36swPvisWPCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22gwilym%20hugh%20lewis%22&f=false Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ (The Business Digest, Volume 8) http://books.google.com/books?id=8bAmAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA69&dq=%22gwilym+hugh+lewis%22&hl=en&ei=EflGTdSmGY36swPvisWPCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22gwilym%20hugh%20lewis%22&f=false Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ (Business Figest and Investment Weekly, Volume 24) http://books.google.com/books?id=BnopAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA251&dq=%22gwilym+hugh+lewis%22&hl=en&ei=EflGTdSmGY36swPvisWPCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=%22gwilym%20hugh%20lewis%22&f=false Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 16 December 1921) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/32552/supplements/10347 Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 30 October 1925) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33097/pages/7110 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (Flight, 23 July 1925) http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1925/1925%20-%200470.html?search=Gwilym%20Hugh%20Lewis Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 31 October 1939) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/34721/pages/7276 Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 October 1944) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/36726/supplements/4530 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 11 November 1960) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/42190/pages/7671 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (The London Gazette, 11 November 1960) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/42190/pages/7675 Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ↑ (Supplement to The London Gazette, 21 September 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30913/supplements/11252 Retrieved 26 January 2011.
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