|Namesake:||City of Adelaide|
|Builder:||Navantia, Ferrol, Spain and BAE Systems Australia, Williamstown Victoria|
|Laid down:||18 February 2011|
|Launched:||4 July 2012|
|Homeport:||To be Fleet Base East|
|Class & type:||Canberra class Landing Helicopter Dock|
|Displacement:||27,500 tonnes (30,300 short tons; 27,100 long tons) at full load|
|Length:||230.82 m (757.3 ft)|
|Beam:||32.0 m (105.0 ft)|
|Draft:||7.08 m (23.2 ft)|
Combined Diesel and Gas|
1 x GE LM2500 gas turbine
2 x MAN 16V32/40 diesel generators
2 x Siemens azimuth thrusters
Over 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph) maximum|
19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) full-load sustained
15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) economical
|Range:||9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Boats & landing |
|4 x LCM-1E|
Up to 110 vehicles|
Heavy vehicle deck: 1,410 m2 (15,200 sq ft)
Light vehicle deck: 1,880 m2 (20,200 sq ft)
|Complement:||358 personnel; 293 RAN, 62 Australian Army, 3 RAAF|
|Sensors and |
|Giraffe AMB radar, Saab 9LV combat system|
|Electronic warfare |
AN/SLQ-25 Nixie towed torpedo decoy|
Nulka missile decoy
4 x Rafael Typhoon 25 mm remote weapons systems|
6 x 12.7 mm machine guns
8 helicopters (standard)|
18 helicopters (maximum hangar space)
|Aviation facilities:||Flight deck with 13 degree ski-jump, 6 in-line deck landing spots|
HMAS Adelaide (LHD 01) is the second of two Canberra class landing helicopter dock (LHD) ships under construction for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Construction of the ship started at Navantia's Spanish shipyard with steel-cutting in February 2010. The ship was laid down in February 2011, and launched on 4 July 2012. Delivery to Australia for fitting out at BAE Systems Australia's facilities in Victoria is scheduled for 2013, and the ship is predicted to enter service by 2016.
Design[edit | edit source]
The Canberra class design is based on the warship Juan Carlos I, built by Navantia for the Spanish Navy. The contract was awarded to Navantia and Australian company Tenix Defence following a request for tender which ran from February 2004 to June 2007, beating the enlarged Mistral class design offered by the French company Direction des Constructions Navales. Adelaide has the same physical dimensions as Juan Carlos I, but differs in the design of the island superstructure and the internal layout, in order to meet Australian conditions and requirements. Unlike the Spanish vessel, the Australian ships are built to meet Lloyd's Naval Rules.
The Canberra class vessels are 230.82 metres (757.3 ft) long overall, with a maximum beam of 32 metres (105 ft), and a maximum draught of 7.08 metres (23.2 ft). At full load, Adelaide will displace 27,500 tonnes (27,100 long tons; 30,300 short tons), making her the largest vessel to serve in the RAN. Propulsion is provided by two Siemens 11-megawatt (15,000 hp) azimuth thrusters, each with an onboard electric motor, driving two 4.5-metre (15 ft) diameter propellers. The electricity is provided by a Combined diesel and gas system, with a single General Electric LM2500 turbine producing 19,160 kilowatts (25,690 hp), supported by two MAN 16V32/40 diesel generators providing 7,448 kilowatts (9,988 hp). Maximum speed is over 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), with a maximum sustainable full-load speed of 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph), and an economical cruising speed of 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). Economical range is 9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi).
Each ship is fitted with a Saab 9LV Mark 4 combat management system. The sensor suite includes a Sea Giraffe 3D surveillance radar, and a Vampir NG infrared search and track system. For self-defence, the LHDs will be fitted with four Rafael Typhoon 25 mm remote weapons systems (one in each corner of the flight deck), six 12.7 mm machine guns, an AN/SLQ-25 Nixie towed torpedo decoy, and a Nulka missile decoy. Defence against aircraft and larger targets is to be provided by escort vessels and air support from the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). The ships' companies will consist of 358 personnel; 293 RAN, 62 Australian Army, and 3 RAAF. The LHDs will transport 1,046 soldiers and their equipment. Adelaide will be capable deploying a reinforced company of up to 220 soldiers at a time by airlift. Two vehicle decks (one for light vehicles, the other for heavy vehicles and tanks) have areas of 1,880 square metres (20,200 sq ft) and 1,410 square metres (15,200 sq ft) respectively, and between them can accommodate up to 110 vehicles. The well deck will carry up to four LCM-1E landing craft, which can be launched and recovered in conditions up to Sea State 4. The flight deck can operate six MRH-90-size helicopters or four Chinook-size helicopters simultaneously, in conditions up to Sea State 5. A mix of MRH-90 transport helicopters and S-70B Seahawk anti-submarine helicopters will be carried: up to eight can be stored in the hangar deck, and the light vehicle deck can be repurposed to fit another ten. The ski-jump ramp of Juan Carlos I has been retained for the RAN ships, although fixed-wing flight operations are not planned for the ships.
Construction[edit | edit source]
Construction of Adelaide began at Navantia's shipyard in Ferrol, northern Spain, during February 2010, when the first steel was cut. Hull modules were fabricated at Ferrol and Fene, with the first hull blocks laid down on 18 February 2011. Adelaide's hull was launched on 4 July 2012. After construction of the hull is completed, it will be delivered by heavy lift ship to BAE Systems Australia facilities in Victoria (planned for the first quarter of 2013) for superstructure work and fitting out. Entry into RAN service was originally planned for mid-2015, but as of July 2011, this had been pushed back to sometime in 2016.
Although identified as "LHD02" during construction, Adelaide will receive the pennant number "LHD 01" on commissioning; the pennant number corresponding to that used by the frigate of the same name.
Citations[edit | edit source]
- Brown, Spanish designs are Australia's choice for warship programmes
- Borgu, Capability of First Resort?, pp. 5-6
- Fish, First Australian LHD takes shape
- Fish, Amphibious assault ships
- Royal Australian Navy, Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD)
- Amphibious Ships, in Semaphore, p. 2
- Defense Industry Daily, Australia's Canberra class LHDs
- Kerr, Amphibious Ambitions
- Gillis, Interview. Landing Helicopter Dock Project – Canberra Class, pp. 28–9
- Borgu, Capability of First Resort?, p. 11
- Fish, Australia awaits new LHDs for amphibious uplift
- "Launch of second Amphibious Ship Landing Helicopter Dock". Royal Australian Navy. 5 July 2012. http://www.navy.gov.au/news/launch-second-amphibious-ship-landing-helicopter-dock. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Navantia botá el último megabuque en construcción" (in Spanish). La voz de Galicia. 4 July 2012. http://www.lavozdegalicia.es/noticia/ferrol/2012/07/04/gran-afluencia-publico-botadura-adelaide/00031341416302900965477.htm.
- "On the way to Australia". Royal Australian Navy (Directorate of Defence News). 30 August 2012. pp. 5.
- Fish, Tim (5 February 2010). "Steel cut for second Australian LHD".
References[edit | edit source]
- Journal articles and papers
- "Amphibious Ships". Semaphore. Sea Power Centre - Australia. October 2007. Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090514184345/http://www.navy.gov.au/w/images/Semaphore_2007_14.pdf. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Borgu, Aldo (2004). "Capability of First Resort? Australia's Future Amphibious Requirement". Australian Strategic Policy Institute. http://www.aspi.org.au/publications/publication_details.aspx?ContentID=55&pubtype=6. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- Brown, Nick (28 June 2007). "Spanish designs are Australia's choice for warship programmes".
- Fish, Tim (25 July 2011). "Australia awaits new LHDs for amphibious uplift". Jane's Information Group.
- Fish, Tim (15 June 2010). "Amphibious assault ships: Striking distance".
- Fish, Tim (28 September 2009). "First Australian LHD takes shape".
- Gillis, Kim (2007). "Interview. Landing Helicopter Dock Project - Canberra Class". pp. 28–29. ISSN 1447-0446.
- Kerr, Julian (22 December 2011). "Amphibious ambitions: expanding Australia's naval expectations". Jane's Information Group.
- News articles
- "LHD launch paves the way for amphibious transformation". Department of Defence (Australia). 18 February 2011. http://www.defence.gov.au/defencenews/stories/2011/feb/0218.htm. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Websites and other sources
- "Australia's Canberra Class LHDs". Defense Industry Daily. http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/australias-canberra-class-lhds-03384/. Retrieved 13 November 2007. [verification needed]
- "Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD)". Royal Australian Navy. http://www.navy.gov.au/fleet/ships-boats-craft/lhd. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
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