|HMAS Darwin (FFG 04)|
|Namesake:||City of Darwin|
|Builder:||Todd Pacific Shipyards, Seattle, Washington|
|Laid down:||3 July 1981|
|Launched:||26 March 1982|
|Commissioned:||21 July 1984|
|Nickname:||FFG-44 (US hull designation during construction)|
East Timor 1999
Persian Gulf 2002-03
|Status:||Active as of 2013|
|General characteristics (post-refit)|
|Class & type:||Adelaide class guided missile frigate|
|Length:||138 m (453 ft)|
|Beam:||14.3 m (47 ft)|
|Draught:||7.5 m (25 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbines, each providing 20,500 hp (15,287 kW). Total 41,000 hp (30,574 kW)|
|Speed:||Over 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Complement:||184 + aircrew|
|Sensors and |
|AN/SPS-49A(V)1 radar, Mk 92 Guided Missile Fire Control System, AN/SPS-55 radar, Spherion B sonar|
Mk 41 VLS for Evolved Sea Sparrow missile|
Mk 13 launcher for Harpoon and SM-2MR missiles
1 × 3 inch OTO Melara
1 × 20 mm Mk 15 Vulcan Phalanx
2 x triple 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes
|Aircraft carried:||2 x S-70B Seahawk|
HMAS Darwin (FFG 04), named for the capital city of the Northern Territory, is an Adelaide class guided-missile frigate of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). One of four ships ordered from the United States, Darwin entered service in 1984. During her career, she has operated in the Persian Gulf, as part of the INTERFET peacekeeping taskforce, and off the Solomon Islands. The frigate underwent a major upgrade during 2007 and 2008, and is actively serving as of 2013.
Design and construction[edit | edit source]
Darwin was the fourth Adelaide class vessel (a derivative of the United States Oliver Hazard Perry class frigate) to be ordered, and the last to be built in the United States of America. The ship was laid down by Todd Pacific Shipyards at Seattle, Washington on 2 July 1981, to the Perry class Flight III design. The Adelaides were built as part of the United States Navy's construction program, so were assigned USN hull numbers; Darwin was FFG-44. She was launched on 26 March 1982, and commissioned into the RAN on 21 July 1984.
Armament[edit | edit source]
Darwin's main weapon is the Mark 13 missile launcher located on the foredeck: this is used to fire both Harpoon and SM-2MR Standard missiles. A 76-millimetre (3.0 in) Mark 75 OTO Melara gun is located on top of the superstructure, in front of the exhaust funnel. A triple-barrelled Mark 32 torpedo tube set is fitted to each side of the superstructure. For close defence, a 20-millimetre (0.79 in) Mark 16 Mod 2 Phalanx CIWS sits at the aft end of the superstructure, above the frigate's two helicopter hangars. The hangars houses two S-70B Seahawk helicopters.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
During her career, Darwin has been deployed to the Persian Gulf on several occasions.
The ship was deployed to the Solomon Islands in 2001.
On the morning of 13 March 2009, Darwin was one of seventeen warships involved in a ceremonial fleet entry and fleet review in Sydney Harbour, the largest collection of RAN ships since the Australian Bicentenary in 1988. The frigate did not participate in the fleet entry, but was anchored in the harbour for the review.
Citations[edit | edit source]
- Hooton, E.R. (1 December 1996). "Perking-up the Perry class". Jane's Information Group.
- MacDougall, Anthony K. (2002) . Australians at war: a pictorial history (2nd (revised and expanded) ed.). Noble Park, Vic: The Five Mile Press. p. 344. ISBN 1-86503-865-2.
- "HMAS Darwin". Royal Australian Navy. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080915030447/http://www.navy.gov.au/HMAS_Darwin. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Jones, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, opp. p. 224
- Stevens, David (2007). Strength Through Diversity: The combined naval role in Operation Stabilise. Working Papers. 20. Canberra: Sea Power Centre - Australia. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-642-29676-4. ISSN 1834-7231. Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090514170718/http://www.navy.gov.au/w/images/Working_Paper_20.pdf. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- McPhedran, Ian (19 November 2008). "Australia's naval frigates 'worth the wait'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. https://archive.is/OjNzF. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
- Brooke, Michael (2 April 2009). "Marching into History". Navy News. Department of Defence. http://digital.realviewtechnologies.com/default.aspx?xml=defencenews_navy.xml&iid=23701.
- "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110613184920/http://www.navy.gov.au/Navy_Marks_109th_Birthday_With_Historic_Changes_To_Battle_Honours. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110614064156/http://www.navy.gov.au/w/images/Units_entitlement_list.pdf. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Commonwealth of Australia (2013). "Participating Warships: International Fleet Review, Sydney, Australia, 3–11 October 2013". Royal Australian Navy. http://www.navy.gov.au/ifr/participants/warships. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
References[edit | edit source]
- Stevens, David, ed (2001). The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095.
- Jones, Peter. "Towards Self Reliance"; "A Period of Change and Uncertainty". The Royal Australian Navy.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HMAS Darwin (FFG 04).|
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|