|HMAS Melbourne (FFG 05)|
HMAS Melbourne in 2013
|Namesake:||City of Melbourne|
|Builder:||Australian Marine Engineering Consolidated|
|Laid down:||12 July 1985|
|Launched:||5 May 1989|
|Commissioned:||15 February 1992|
|Motto:||"Vires Acquirit Eundo" (She gathers strength as she goes)|
East Timor 2000
Persian Gulf 2002
plus three inherited honours
|Status:||Active as of 2013|
|Class & type:||Adelaide class guided missile frigate|
|Length:||138 m (453 ft)|
|Beam:||14.3 m (47 ft)|
|Draught:||7.5 m (25 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbines, each providing 20,500 hp (15,287 kW). Total 41,000 hp (30,574 kW)|
|Speed:||Over 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Complement:||184 + aircrew|
|Sensors and |
|AN/SPS-49A(V)1 radar, Mk 92 Guided Missile Fire Control System, AN/SPS-55 radar, Spherion B sonar|
Mk 41 VLS for Evolved Sea Sparrow missile|
Mk 13 launcher for Harpoon and SM-2MR missiles
1 × 3 inch OTO Melara
1 × 20 mm Mk 15 Vulcan Phalanx
2 x triple 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes
|Aircraft carried:||2 x S-70B Seahawk|
HMAS Melbourne (FFG 05) is an Adelaide class guided-missile frigate of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Originally ordered as HMAS Torrens, the ship was renamed during construction, and entered service in 1992. Melbourne has been deployed to the Persian Gulf on several occasions, and served as part of the INTERFET peacekeeping taskforce in 2000. The ship is operational as of 2013.
Design and construction[edit | edit source]
The ship was originally ordered in 1980 as HMAS Torrens; one of the last two Adelaide class ships (a derivative of the United States Navy's Oliver Hazard Perry class) ordered for the RAN, and the only two not to be built in the United States of America. The ship was laid down by AMECON at Williamstown, Victoria on 12 July 1985. Prior to her 5 May 1989 launching, Torrens was renamed Melbourne, as the aircraft carrier of the same name was still commissioned when the Adelaide class was ordered, but left service in 1982. The new Melbourne was commissioned into the RAN on 15 February 1992.
Armament[edit | edit source]
Melbourne's main weapon is the Mark 13 missile launcher located on the foredeck: this is used to fire both Harpoon and SM-2MR Standard missiles. A 76-millimetre (3.0 in) Mark 75 OTO Melara gun is located on top of the superstructure, in front of the exhaust funnel. A triple-barrelled Mark 32 torpedo tube set is fitted to each side of the superstructure. For close defence, a 20-millimetre (0.79 in) Mark 16 Mod 2 Phalanx CIWS sits at the aft end of the superstructure, above the frigate's two helicopter hangars. The hangars house two S-70B Seahawk helicopters.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
In 1996, the frigate was deployed to the Persian Gulf.
In 2002, Melbourne participated in the third rotation of RAN ships to the Persian Gulf as part of Operation Slipper, where she enforced United Nations sanctions against Iraq. In 2003, the ship returned to Iraqi waters in support of Operation Catalyst, protecting Iraqi territorial waters following Operation Iraqi Freedom.
On 16 August 2010, Melbourne was deployed to the Middle East for the third time, again as part of Operation Slipper. During the six-month deployment, the frigate participated in anti-piracy operations in the Arabian Sea and responded to 14 distress calls from merchant vessels, including the British chemical tanker MV CPO China on 3 January 2011. Although it took six hours for Melbourne to close with CPO China, the merchant ship's crew secured themselves in the citadel, and the pirates retreated when the frigate and her Seahawk helicopter arrived. Melbourne returned to Sydney on 18 February 2011.
Citations[edit | edit source]
- MacDougall, Australians at War, p. 344
- Hooton, Perking-up the Perry class
- HMAS Melboure, Royal Australian Navy
- Jones, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, opp. p. 224
- Stevens, Strength Through Diversity, p. 15
- "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110613184920/http://www.navy.gov.au/Navy_Marks_109th_Birthday_With_Historic_Changes_To_Battle_Honours. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110614064156/http://www.navy.gov.au/w/images/Units_entitlement_list.pdf. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Pirate Buster HMAS Melbourne coming home". Royal Australian Navy. 17 February 2011. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110221080703/http://www.navy.gov.au/Pirate_Buster_HMAS_Melbourne_coming_home. Retrieved 5 April 2011.
- "HMAS Melbourne disrupts pirate attack in Arabian Sea". Department of Defence (Australia). 5 January 2011. http://www.defence.gov.au/media/DepartmentalTpl.cfm?CurrentId=11259. Retrieved 5 April 2011.
- Australian Associated Press (6 January 2011). "Aussie warship thwarts pirate attack". The Sydney Morning Herald (smh.com.au). http://www.smh.com.au/world/aussie-warship-thwarts-pirate-attack-20110106-19goo.html. Retrieved 5 April 2011.
References[edit | edit source]
- MacDougall, Anthony K. (2002) . Australians at war: a pictorial history (2nd (revised and expanded) ed.). Noble Park, Vic: The Five Mile Press. ISBN 1-86503-865-2.
- Stevens, David (2007). Strength Through Diversity: The combined naval role in Operation Stabilise. Working Papers. 20. Canberra: Sea Power Centre - Australia. ISBN 978-0-642-29676-4. ISSN 1834-7231. Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090514170718/http://www.navy.gov.au/w/images/Working_Paper_20.pdf. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- Stevens, David, ed (2001). The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095.
- Jones, Peter. "Towards Self Reliance"; "A Period of Change and Uncertainty". The Royal Australian Navy.
- Journal articles
- Hooton, E.R. (1 December 1996). "Perking-up the Perry class". Jane's Information Group.
- "HMAS Melbourne (III)". Royal Australian Navy. http://www.navy.gov.au/hmas-melbourne-iii. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
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