|HMCS Kamloops (K176)|
HMCS Kamloops as a training ship, circa 1942.|
HMCS Kamloops as a training ship, circa 1942.
|Namesake:||Kamloops, British Columbia|
|Operator:||Royal Canadian Navy|
|Ordered:||14 February 1940|
|Builder:||Victoria Machinery Depot Co. Ltd., Victoria, British Columbia|
|Laid down:||29 April 1940|
|Launched:||7 August 1940|
|Commissioned:||17 March 1941|
|Decommissioned:||27 June 1945|
|Identification:||Pennant number: K176|
|Atlantic 1941/43-45; Gulf of St. Lawrence 1942|
|Fate:||Sold on 19 October 1945 for scrapping|
|Class & type:||Flower-class corvette (original)|
|Displacement:||925 long tons (940 t; 1,036 short tons)|
|Length:||205 ft (62.48 m)o/a|
|Beam:||33 ft (10.06 m)|
|Draught:||11.5 ft (3.51 m)|
|Speed:||16 knots (29.6 km/h)|
|Range:||3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
HMCS Kamloops was a Flower-class corvette that served in the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. She served primarily in the Battle of the Atlantic as an ocean escort. She was named for Kamloops, British Columbia.
Flower-class corvettes like Kamloops serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different to earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes. The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877. During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design. The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.
Corvettes commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were named after communities for the most part, to better represent the people who took part in building them. This idea was put forth by Admiral Percy W. Nelles. Sponsors were commonly associated with the community for which the ship was named. Royal Navy corvettes were designed as open sea escorts, while Canadian corvettes were developed for coastal auxiliary roles which was exemplified by their minesweeping gear. Eventually the Canadian corvettes would be modified to allow them to perform better on the open seas.
Originally named Jasper for Jasper, Alberta, she was ordered on 14 February 1940 as part of the 1939-1940 Flower-class building program. She was laid down on 29 April 1940 by Victoria Machinery Depot Co. Ltd. at Victoria, British Columbia and launched 7 August later that year. Before commissioning, her name was changed to Kamloops due to a name conflict with Royal Navy vessel and she was commissioned as such into the Royal Canadian Navy on 17 March 1941 at Victoria. Kamloops had two major refits during her career. The first took place at Liverpool, Nova Scotia beginning in February 1943 and took three months to complete. The second refit began mid-December 1943 and was completed in April 1944. The refit took place at Charlottetown during which her fo'c'sle was extended.
Kamloops arrived in Halifax in June 1941. She was assigned to Halifax Force and spent the rest of the year as a local escort. In September 1941, she took part in the Canadian Navy's secret trials of diffused lighting camouflage, a technology for concealing ships from submarines at night. In January 1942 she began use as an anti-submarine training ship in Halifax and Pictou, which lasted until January 1943 before heading off for refit.
After the refit, Kamloops joined Western Local Escort Force (WLEF) in March 1943 for a brief period before transferring Mid-Ocean Escort Force (MOEF) escort group C-2 in June. She remained with this group until the end of the war. During her service with C-2, Kamloops took part in the severe convoy battle for ONS 18/ON 202, which lost six merchant ships and three escorts.
- ↑ "Battle Honours". Britain's Navy. http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Battle%20Honours/A%20Battle%20Honour%20Date.htm#1900. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- ↑ "Royal Canadian Warships - The Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence - Second World War". Veterans Affairs Canada. http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/battlegulf/canwarship. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- ↑ Lenton, H.T.; Colledge, J.J (1968). British and Dominion Warships of World War II. Doubleday & Company. pp. 201, 212.
- ↑ Ossian, Robert. "Complete List of Sailing Vessels". http://www.thepirateking.com/ships/ship_types.htm. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
- ↑ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons & Warfare. 11. London: Phoebus. pp. 1137–1142.
- ↑ Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. New Jersey: Random House. 1996. p. 68. ISBN 0-517-67963-9.
- ↑ Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. pp. 39–63. ISBN 0-8117-3275-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=I59v6rkg8egC&pg=PA39.
- ↑ Chesneau, Roger; Gardiner, Robert (June 1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships (1922-1946). Naval Institute Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-87021-913-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=bJBMBvyQ83EC&pg=PA62.
- ↑ Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. pp. 117–119, 142–145, 158, 175–176, 226, 235, 285–291. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Macpherson, Ken; Milner, Marc (1993). Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy 1939-1945. St. Catharines: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-052-7.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 "HMCS Kamloops (K 176)". Uboat.net. http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/819.html. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Macpherson, Ken; Burgess, John (1981). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910-1981 : a complete pictorial history of Canadian warships. Toronto: Collins. pp. 77. ISBN 0-00216-856-1.
- Hazegray. "Flower Class". Canadian Navy of Yesterday and Today. http://www.hazegray.org/navhist/canada/ww2/flower/. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Ready, Aye, Ready. "HMCS Kamloops". http://www.readyayeready.com/ships/shipview.php?id=1193&ship=KAMLOOPS. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Canadian Navy Heritage Project: Ship Technical Information[dead link]
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