HMS Affleck was a Captain class frigate which served during World War II. The ship was named after Sir Edmund Affleck, commander of HMS Bedford at the Moonlight Battle in 1780 during the American Revolutionary War.
Originally destined for the US Navy as a Buckley-class destroyer escort, HMS Affleck was provisionally given the name USS Oswald (later this name was reassigned to DE-767). However, the delivery was diverted to the Royal Navy before the launch.
Commanding Officers were Lt E I Pilditch on commissioning, then Cdr C Gwinner RN (Senior Officer 1st Escort Group).
Actions[edit | edit source]
HMS Affleck served exclusively with the 1st Escort Group taking part in operations in the North Atlantic, off Normandy, and in the English Channel.
On 19 February 1944, together with HMS Bentley, HMS Affleck picked up 54 survivors from the Panamanian merchant Colin which had been torpedoed and sunk the previous day in the North Atlantic in position by the Kriegsmarine submarine U-859.
On 26 February 1944 in the North Atlantic at position HMS Gore and HMS Gould, sank the submarine U-91 by the use of depth charges and then by use of main guns. When the damaged uboat surfaced and tried to ram HMS Affleck, this action resulted in 36 dead and 16 survivors from U-91's crew.HMS Affleck, together with
On 16 March 1944 in the Straits of Gibraltar at position HMS Vanoc and three US Catalina aircraft (VP 63) sank the submarine U-392 by the use of a hedgehog attack, resulting in 52 dead (all hands) from U-392's crew.HMS Affleck together with the destroyer
On 25 June 1944 HMS Affleck with HMS Balfour attacked a submarine believed to be U-1191 by the use of depth charges, this resulted in the sinking of the submarine with the loss of all hands. This action took place 25 miles (40 km) south of Start Point. The Kriegsmarine had U-1191 listed as missing (no radio contact) since 12 June 1944.
On 26 December 1944 at 14:14 hours off the French coast near Cherbourg U-486 fired three acoustic torpedoes at the 1st Escort Group hitting HMS Affleck and HMS Capel. This resulted in the sinking of HMS Capel. HMS Affleck was towed to port, where the ship was written off as a Constructive Total Loss.
General information[edit | edit source]
- Pennant (UK): K 462
- Pennant (US): DE 71
- Built by: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard Inc. (Hingham, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)
References[edit | edit source]
- *Innes McCartney (2002). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel.
- The Captain Class Frigates in the Second World War by Donald Collingwood. published by Leo Cooper (1998), ISBN 0-85052-615-9.
- The Buckley-Class Destroyer Escorts by Bruce Hampton Franklin, published by Chatham Publishing (1999), ISBN 1-86176-118-X.
- German U-Boat Losses During World War II by Axel Niestle, published by United States Naval Inst (1998), ISBN 1-55750-641-8.
[edit | edit source]
- Uboat.net page for HMS Affleck
- Uboat.net page for U-859
- Uboat.net page for U-91
- Uboat.net page for U-358
- Uboat.net page for U-392
- Uboat.net page for U-1191
- Uboat.net page for U-486
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