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HMS Asia (1811)
HMS asia (1811).jpg
Watercolor by an unidentified artist, depicting the ship at Malta.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Asia
Ordered: 13 July 1807
Builder: Brindley, Frindsbury
Laid down: February 1808
Launched: 2 December 1811
Fate: Broken up, 1865
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Vengeur-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1763 (bm)
Length: 176 ft (54 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 6 in (14.48 m)
Depth of hold: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:


Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounder guns
QD: 4 × 12-pounder guns + 10 × 32-pounder carronades
Fc: 2 × 12-pounder guns + 2 × 32-pounder carronades

Poop deck: 6 × 18-pounder carronades

HMS Asia was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 2 December 1811 at Frindsbury.[1]

War of 1812[]

Asia was off Chesapeake Bay in July 1814.[2][3] The Royal Marine Artillery company of the 3rd Battalion, Royal Marines were ferried from Bermuda to the Chesapeake aboard Asia, via HMS Tonnant.[4] During the bombardment of Fort McHenry, Asia was moored off Baltimore, along with Seahorse, Severn and Surprise.[5] Asia was among Admiral Alexander Cochrane's fleet moored off New Orleans at the start of 1815.[6] In support of the attack on New Orleans, 107 Royal Marines from Asia were disembarked.[7]

In 1828 Asia was reduced to a 50-gun ship, and was eventually broken up in 1865.[1]

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 188.
  2. Crawford, pp129, quoting a letter from Alexander Cochrane to George Cockburn dated 1 July 1814: 'I send you HMS Asia & Aetna Bomb with the 3 Troop Ships named in the margin (HMS Regulus, HMS Melpomene and HMS Brune) having on board the 3rd Battalion of Marines [and its Artillery Company] '
  3. Crawford, pp146-7, quoting the postscript of a letter from Joshua Barney dated 13 July 1814, mentions that HMS Asia and 'two frigates (en flûte) with several small vessels have passed by point look out'
  4. Crawford (ed), p152, quoting a Letter from George Cockburn to Robert Barrie
  5. Crawford (ed), p273, quoting a Letter from Cockburn to Ross dated 12 September 1814
  6. "Battles fought in Alabama/Old Southwest, Units Participating and Casualties". http://alabamatrailswar1812.com/muster.htm/. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  7. Ship muster for HMS Asia June 1814 - Feb 1815. UK National Archives reference ADM 37/5010

References[]

  • Crawford, Michael J. (Ed) (2002). The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History, Vol. 3. Washington: United States Department of Defense. ISBN 9780160512247
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.


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