|HMS Byard (K315)|
HMS Byard K 315 sliding down the slipway on 6 March 1943 at Bethlehem-Hingham shipyard
|Laid down:||15 October 1942|
|Launched:||6 March 1943|
|Commissioned:||18 June 1943|
|Decommissioned:||Returned to US Navy on 12 December 1945|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap in 1946|
|Displacement:||1,800 tons fully loaded|
|Length:||306 ft (93 m) overall|
|Beam:||36.5 ft (11.1 m)|
|Draught:||11 ft (3.4 m) fully loaded|
|Speed:||24 knots (44 km/h)|
|Endurance:||5,500 nautical miles (10,200 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)|
|Complement:||Typically between 170 & 180|
Originally destined for the US Navy HMS Byard was provisionally given the name USS Donaldson (this name was reassigned to DE 44) however the delivery was diverted to the Royal Navy before the launch. Commanding Officers were Lt Cdr L H Phillips RN February 1943, Lt Cdr K Ferris RNVR January 1944 and Lt J I Jones RN June 1944.
Actions[edit | edit source]
HMS Byard served exclusively with the 4th Escort Group earning battle honours for service in the North Atlantic.
In 1943, HMS Byard's ship's company paraded in Boston, MA, in the American Day parade.
On 17 October 1943, HMS Byard was escorting an Atlantic convoy which was attacked by a wolf pack of 16 submarines east of Cape Farewell, Greenland. During the ensuing battle HMS Byard sank the submarine U-841 at position , by the use of depth charges resulting in 27 dead and 27 survivors from U-841's crew. This action made HMS Byard the first Captains class frigate to destroy a Kriegsmarine submarine.
General information[edit | edit source]
- Pennant (UK): K 315
- Pennant (US): DE 55
- Built by: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard Inc. (Hingham, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)
[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- The Captain Class Frigates in the Second World War by Donald Collingwood. published by Leo Cooper (1998), ISBN 0-85052-615-9.
- The Buckley-Class Destroyer Escorts by Bruce Hampton Franklin, published by Chatham Publishing (1999), ISBN 1-86176-118-X.
- German U-Boat Losses During World War II by Axel Niestle, published by United States Naval Inst (1998), ISBN 1-55750-641-8.
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