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HMS Crescent (1779)
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Crescent
Ordered: 19 July 1777
Builder: James Martin Hillhouse, Bristol
Laid down: 19 August 1777
Launched: March 1779
Completed: 30 June 1779 (at Plymouth Dockyard)
Commissioned: ?September 1779
Fate: Captured by a French frigate 20 June 1781
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Crescent
Acquired: 1781 by capture
Fate: Wrecked, January 1786
General characteristics
Class & type: 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate
Tons burthen: 611 2994 (bm)
Length: 120 ft 8 in (36.78 m) (overall)
99 ft 5 in (30.30 m) (keel)
Beam: 34 ft 0 in (10.4 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 200 officers and men
Armament:

Upper deck: 24 × 9-pounder guns
QD: 4 x 6-pounder guns + 4 x 18-pounder carronades
Fc: 2 x 18-pounder carronades

Also:12 x swivel guns

HMS Crescent was a 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy. The Crescent was first commissioned in about September 1779 under the command of Captain Charles Hope.

Capture[edit | edit source]

The French captured Crescent on 20 June 1781. She was in company with the frigates Flora and the prize Castor and Flora, all three weakened by the engagements on 31 May and 19 June. The British vessels encountered two large French frigates off Ushant, and separated, being in no condition to fight again. At 4am the Gloire and Friponne caught up with Crescent and after an exchange of fire, Crescent struck.[1]

Fate[edit | edit source]

The French took Crescent into service. She was wrecked on the reefs off Petit-Goâve, San Domingo, in January 1786.[2]

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. Hepper (1994), p.64.
  2. Demerliac (1996), p.69, #427.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
  • Gardiner, Robert (1992) The First Frigates.(London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-601-9.
  • Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3. 
  • Lyon, David (1993) The Sailing Navy List. (London: Conway Maritime Press).ISBN 0-85177-617-5.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007) British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714 to 1792. (London:Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.


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