|HMS Dryad (1893)|
HMS Dryad underway|
HMS Dryad underway in wartime grey paint
|Laid down:||15 April 1893|
|Launched:||22 November 1893|
|Commissioned:||21 July 1894|
|Renamed:||HMS Hamadryad in 1918|
|Fate:||Broken up in 1920|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Dryad-class torpedo gunboat|
|Tons burthen:||1070 tons|
|Length:||262 ft 6 in (80.0 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft 6 in (9.3 m)|
|Draught:||13 ft (4.0 m)|
|Installed power:||3,500 ihp (2,600 kW)|
|Speed:||18.2 kn (33.7 km/h)|
HMS Dryad was the name ship of the Dryad-class torpedo gunboats. She was launched at Chatham Dockyard on 22 November 1893, the first of the class to be completed. She served as a minesweeper during World War I and was broken up in 1920.
Design[edit | edit source]
Ordered under the Naval Defence Act of 1889, which established the "Two-Power Standard", the class was contemporary with the first torpedo boat destroyers. With a length overall of 262 ft 6 in (80.01 m), a beam of 30 ft 6 in (9.30 m) and a displacement of 1,070 tons, these torpedo gunboats were not small ships by the standard of the time; they were larger than the majority of World War I destroyers. Dryad was engined by Maudslay, Sons & Field with two sets of vertical triple-expansion steam engines, two locomotive-type boilers, and twin screws. This layout produced 3,500 indicated horsepower (2,600 kW), giving her a speed of 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h). She carried between 100 and 160 tons of coal and was manned by 120 sailors and officers.
Armament[edit | edit source]
The armament when built comprised two QF 4.7-inch (12 cm) guns, four 6-punder guns and a single 5-barrelled Nordenfelt machine gun. Her primary weapon was five 18-inch (450-mm) torpedo tubes,[Note 1] with two reloads. On conversion to a minesweeper in 1914 two of the five torpedoes were removed.
History[edit | edit source]
Mediterranean service[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
In 1906 she was chosen as the tender to the Navigation School, conducting navigation training of officers at sea. In due course her name came to be used for the Navigation School itself, and then for HMS Dryad, the shore establishment at Southwick House in Hampshire.
Wartime service as a minesweeper[edit | edit source]
By 1914 Dryad had been converted to a minesweeper and was operating in the North Sea from the port of Lowestoft.
Gunner Ernest Martin Jehan and three other gunners from Dryad were assigned to the Q-ship Inverlyon, with Jehan in command. On 15 August 1915 they sank the German submarine UB-4 with gunfire. Jehan was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his part in the action.
Disposal[edit | edit source]
She was renamed Hamadryad in 1918 and was sold to H Auten & Co on 24 September 1920 for breaking.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- British "18 inch" torpedoes were 17.72 inches (45.0 cm) in diameter
References[edit | edit source]
- Winfield (2004), p.307.
- "Battleships-cruisers.co.uk". http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/r_n_gunboats.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-13.
- "Index of 19th Century Naval Vessels". http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/D/01483.html. Retrieved 2008-05-13.
- Perkins, Hugh (September 2008). "The gunner and the U-boat". Canoga Park, California: Challenge Publications. OCLC 60621086. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4442/is_200809/ai_n28081405?tag=content;col1. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- "No. 32114". 5 November 1920. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/32114/page/
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Winfield, Rif; Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.
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