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HMS Essex (1901)
HMS Essex
HMS Essex
Career Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom
Name: HMS Essex
Builder: Pembroke Dockyard
Laid down: 2 January 1900
Launched: 29 August 1901
Christened: Mrs. Barlow
Fate: Sold 8 November 1921
General characteristics
Displacement: 9,800 tons
Length: 463.5 ft (141.3 m)
Beam: 66 ft (20 m)
Draught: 25 ft (7.6 m)
Propulsion: 4-cylinder triple-extension steam engines
two shafts
31 Belleville boilers
22,000hp
Speed: apprx 23 knots
Complement: 678
Armament:

14 x BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk VII guns

9 x 12 pounder guns
Armour: 4in (102mm) belt
5in (127mm) barbette
5in (127mm) turret

HMS Essex was a Monmouth-class armoured cruiser of the Royal Navy which served in the First World War

Service historyEdit

HMS Essex was laid down at Pembroke Dock 2 January 1900,[1] and launched there on 29 August 1901, when she was christened by Mrs. Barlow, wife of the Captain-Superintendent of the dockyard.[2]

In the view of one man who served aboard Essex around 1911, she was an unhappy and unpleasant ship and well known as a hot bed of un-natural practices, as told in The Royal Navy, an Illustrated Social History 1870-1982. Men going ashore at Portsmouth wearing an HMS Essex cap would be mocked by local harlots as being unlikely to want their services.[citation needed] On the 16th of June, 1917, HMS Essex departed from Kantara, Egypt and carried Australian troops (4th Light Horse AIF) back to Australia.

She served in the First World War with most of her sisters, and survived to be sold for scrap on 8 November 1921. Essex was eventually broken up in Germany.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 3 January 1900. 
  2. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 30 August 1901. 

The Royal Navy, an Illustrated Social History 1870-1982. Capt. John Wells. 1984 ISBN 0-7509-0524-7


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