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HMS J1
HMAS J1 in 1919
HMAS J1 in 1919
Career (United Kingdom
Australia)
Builder: HM Dockyard at Portsmouth in Hampshire
Launched: 6 November 1915
Decommissioned: 12 July 1922
Fate: Hulk scuttled
General characteristics
Class & type: British J class submarine
Displacement: 1,210 long tons (1,230 t) (surfaced)
1,760 long tons (1,790 t) (submerged)
Length: 274 ft 9 in (83.74 m)
Beam: 23 ft 1 in (7.04 m)
Draught: 16 ft (4.9 m)
Propulsion: Three shafts
Surfaced: three 12-cylinder diesel engines (3,600 hp or 2,700 kW)
Submerged: two battery-driven electric motors (1,200 hp or 890 kW)
Speed: 19.5 kn (36.1 km/h; 22.4 mph) (surfaced)
9.5 kn (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) (submerged)
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Test depth: 300 ft (91 m) max
Complement: 5 officers, 40 seamen
Armament: six 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes
(four bow, two beam)
one 4 in (102 mm) gun

HMS J1 (later HMAS J1) was a Royal Navy J class submarine built by HM Dockyard at Portsmouth in Hampshire and launched on 6 November 1915.[1]

Service history[]

J1 operated in patrols in the North Sea. In November 1916, a German force of half a destroyer flotilla, three dreadnoughts, and a battlecruiser set out from port to rescue two submarines U-20 and U-30 that were stranded in fog off Jutland. On the return, having only rescued one of the submarines, the force passed J1 off Horns Reef on 5 November 1916.

HMS J1

Two of the dreadnoughts, SMS Kronprinz and SMS Grosser Kurfürst, were torpedoed by J1, earning her commanding officer, Commander N. F. Laurence, a Bar for his Distinguished Service Order.[2] The dreadnoughts did not sink, but reached port and underwent repairs.

The submarine was later transferred to Gibraltar for operations in the Mediterranean.[3] On 9 November 1918, during an engagement with UB-57, J1 launched a depth charge from a specially fitted launcher.[3]

J1 was transferred along with five other J class submarines to Australia on 25 March 1919. She operated out of Geelong until she was paid off on 12 July 1922. J1 was sold to the Melbourne Salvage Company on 26 February 1924.[4] The hulk was scuttled in the ship graveyard off Port Phillip Heads at 38°18′58″S 144°33′13″E / 38.31611°S 144.55361°E / -38.31611; 144.55361Coordinates: 38°18′58″S 144°33′13″E / 38.31611°S 144.55361°E / -38.31611; 144.55361 on 26 May 1926.[4] The J1 wreck, also known as "38 Metre Sub", "135 Foot Sub", or "New Sub", is submerged in 38 metres (125 ft) of water, and is accessible by experienced divers.[5][6][7]

References[]

  1. "HMAS J1". Royal Australian Navy. Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20090205232337/http://www.navy.gov.au/HMAS_J1. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  2. "No. 29886". 1 January 1917. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/29886/page/ 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tall, J.J; Paul Kemp (1996). HM Submarines in Camera An Illustrated History of British Submarines. Sutton Publishing. p. 53. ISBN 0-7509-0875-0. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Dive Site - J1 Submarine". http://www.borrett.id.au/divelog/divesite.php?loc=57. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  5. "Victorian Ships' Graveyard Wrecks". http://www.vicshipwrecks.com/control.html. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  6. Milowka, Agnes. "Victoria's J Class Submarines". Archived from the original on 2011-03-13. http://www.webcitation.org/5x9C5aKFO. 
  7. Arnott, Terry. "WWI J Class Subs". Maritime Archaeology Association Of Victoria. Archived from the original on 2011-03-13. http://www.webcitation.org/5x9DGDGUk. 



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